北京市2023年高考英语复习 练习手册(6份试卷含解析)

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北京市2023年高考英语复习 练习手册(6份试卷含解析)


课时作业 [ Unit Cultural relics]
I know I should have told the headmaster at the time. That was my real 1 .
He had gone out of the study for some 2 , leaving me alone. In his absence I looked to see 3 was on his desk. In the 4 was a small piece of paper on which were written the 5 “English Writing Prize 1949. History Is a Serious of Biographies (人物传记)”.
A(n) 6 boy would have avoided looking at the title as soon as he saw the 7 . I did not. The subject of the English Writing Prize was kept a 8 until the start of the exam so I could not 9 reading it.
When the headmaster 10 , I was looking out of the window.
I should have told him what had 11 then. It would have been so 12 to say: “I’m sorry, but I 13 the title for the English Writing Prize on your desk. You’ll have to 14 it.”
The chance passed and I did not 15 it. I sat the exam the next day and I won. I didn’t 16 to cheat, but it was still cheating anyhow.
That was thirty-eight years 17 when I was fifteen. I have never told anyone about it before, 18 have I tried to explain to myself why not.
The obvious explanation is that I could not admit I had seen the title 19 admitting that I had been looking at the things on his desk. 20 there must have been more behind it. Whatever it was, it has become a good example of how a little mistake can trap (使陷入) you in a more serious moral corner (道德困境).
1. A. plan B. fault C. grade D. luck
2. A. reason B. course C. example D. vacation
3. A. this B. which C. that D. what
4. A. drawer B. corner C. middle D. box
5. A. names B. words C. ideas D. messages
6. A. honest B. handsome C. friendly D. active
7. A. desk B. paper C. book D. drawer
8. A. question B. key C. note D. secret
9. A. help B. consider C. practise D. forget
10. A. disappeared B. stayed C. returned D. went
11. A. existed B. remained C. happened D. continued
12. A. tiring B. easy C. important D. difficult
13. A. saw B. gave C. set D. made
14. A. repeat B. defend C. correct D. change
15. A. take B. have C. lose D. find
16. A. remember B. learn C. mean D. pretend
17. A. past B. ago C. then D. before
18. A. either B. never C. nor D. so
19. A. by B. besides C. through D. without
20. A. But B. Though C. Otherwise D. Therefore
1~5 BADCB 6~10 ABDAC
11~15 CBADA 16~20 CBCDA
1.He didn't put the things________they belonged,for________he got his punishment.
A.which;that B.what;this
C.that;whose D.where;which
2.As far as I'm concerned,there is no point ________with him. He will never change his mind.
A.argued B.arguing
C.to argue D.for arguing
3.It is reported that there was an air crash in Cuba. Nobody on board________it with all the passengers and the crew killed.
A.avoided B.escaped
C.missed D.survived
4.Although he had taken a lot of medicine,his health________poor.
A.proved B.remained
C.maintained D.lasted
5.There is________to ask him for advice,because he has never done this kind of work before.
A.no need B.no time
C.no point D.no doubt
6.Although the Eiffel Tower ________ to last for 20 years, it is still standing today.
A.has designed B.had designed
C.is designed D.was designed
7.Normally you could stay with us, but our house ________ at the moment.
A.is decorated B.was decorated
C.is being decorated D.was being decorated
8.The toddler who miraculously ________ a fall from her 10th floor home in Hangzhou, east China, ________ recovering quickly.
A.is survived; is B.are survived; are
C.survived; is D.being survived; are
9.[2012·江苏卷] There is little doubt in your mind that he is innocent, ________?
A.is there B.isn' t there
C.is he D.isn' t he
10.Like most simple puzzles, it is easily________, but putting it back together is something else.
A.taken apart B.built up
C.set off D.dealt with
11.—What do you think of his talk on Information Technology
—Oh, excellent. It's worth ________.
A.listening to B.being listened to
C.listening of D.to be listened to
12.In April,thousands of holidaymakers remained ________ abroad due to the volcanic ash cloud.
A.sticking B.stuck
C.to be stuck D.to have stuck
13.We give dogs time,space and love we can spare,and________,dogs give us their all.
A.in all B.in fact
C.in short D.in return
14.In the 1990's,many well educated young people went to Hainan Island ________ jobs.
A.in favour of B.in memory of
C.in honour of D.in search of
15.—So you gave her your phone
—________.She said she'd return it to me when she could afford her own.
A.My pleasure B.Not exactly
C.No wonder D.All right
What do Chinese college graduates have in common with ants The recent __16__ Ant Tribes about the life of some young people __17__ flock to Beijing after leaving university,__18__ the graduates,like ants,as smart but __19__ as individuals, drawing strength from living together in communities.
The book,which is based __20__ two years of interviews with about 600 low income college graduates in Beijing,__21__ in mid September,about a month ahead of an announcement by the Ministry of Human Resources and Social Security that 74% of the 6.11 million new graduates from universities and colleges had been __22__ by Sept.1.
The book's chief editor,Lian Si,tells that piece of statistic says __23__ about the real situation for many of these graduates.“I am always __24__ how many of these employed college graduates are leading a happy life”,Lian said.“I hope this book could offer a window on these graduates,whose stories are __25__ known.”
The __26__ of the book is several so called settlement villages for college students on the outskirts(市郊) of Beijing,where a large __27__ of college graduates live.Most of these graduates work for __28__ or medium sized businesses,__29__ less than 2,000 yuan a month.They live together because it's __30__:the rent in these communities is only around 350 yuan a month.Many of them travel several hours a day for short term jobs or job interviews.
Tangjialing,a small __31__ 20 kilometers from Tian'anmen Square,has around 3,000 __32__ villagers,but has become a home for more than 50,000 migrants,most of whom __33__ from universities or colleges all over the country.Lian describes the students' __34__ as five or six storey buildings built by local farmers with 12 rooms on each floor and two or three people crowded together in each room of about 10 square meters.Up to 70 or 80 people __35__ the same toilet and kitchen.
16.A.film B.story C.book D.magazine
17.A.who B.what C.which D.whose
18.A.describes B.tells
C.shows D.gives
19.A.necessary B.meaningless
C.important D.strong
20.A.in B.on C.at D.for
21.A.came up B.came on
C.came along D.came out
22.A.fired B.interviewed
C.employed D.trained
23.A.much B.little C.some D.more
24.A.wondering B.realizing
C.studying D.confusing
25.A.seldom B.well C.always D.never
26.A.environment B.setting
C.range D.coverage
27.A.deal B.plenty C.amount D.number
28.A.small B.big C.famous D.unknown
29.A.earning B.spending
C.shopping D.paying
30.A.expensive B.comfortable
C.cheap D.convenient
31.A.city B.town
C.community D.village
32.A.original B.young
C.rich D.poor
33.A.suffer B.differ C.graduate D.suffer
34.A.lives B.dormitories
C.buildings D.restaurants
35.A.share B.borrow C.build D.clean
A severe heatwave sweeping India, with temperatures of almost 44℃, the highest in 52 years, has killed at least 80 people this month, officials said on Sunday. The hot weather, which officials said would continue over northern, northwestern and central India in the next 48 hours, also may have some impact on wheat production, exporters and flour mill associations said.
New Delhi recorded a maximum temperature of 43.7 ℃ on Saturday, indicating a hot summer in the next two months in the nation's capital and other parts of northern and eastern India.The highest temperature in the past 24 hours was 47℃ at Ganganagar city, in Rajasthan state.Summer temperatures have been 4℃~6℃ above normal over most parts of northern and central India since March, weather officials said.
In the eastern state of Orissa, authorities have decided to shut down schools from next Tuesday, advancing the annual summer holiday.Authorities said they were investigating reports of 53 deaths from various parts of the state.
“District collectors have been asked to investigate and submit reports on other deaths”, Bhimsen Gochhayat, a government official said. Other deaths were reported from northern state of Uttar Pradesh and central Madhya Pradesh states.
India is expected to produce about 82 million tons of wheat in 2009~2010, but there could be a shortage of 1 million—1.5 million tons due to the heatwave, said Veena Sharma, Secretary General of the Roller Flour Millers Federation of India. “Most of the harvesting is over, but there definitely will be a slight shortage of 1 million—1.5 million tons due to the extreme weather conditions”,she told Reuters.
India is relying on an abundant wheat crop to make up for a 14.2% drop in rice output, the major summer sown grain, marred by the worst monsoon(季风) in 37 years last year. Weather officials said with summer temperatures in India set to remain above average, there were hopes of heavy rain at the start of the monsoon that would help early sowing of rice, soybeans and lentils.
36.The purpose of the passage is ________.
A.to tell a piece of news of a heatwave
B.to record the highest temperature in India
C.to report the deaths in the heatwave
D.to inform people of a drop of rice output
37.Which of the following is TRUE according to the passage
A.The highest temperature in the history of India is 44℃.
B.Schools were closed because of the hot weather throughout India.
C.India is expected to produce about 82 million tons of rice in 2009~2010.
D.India has a good harvest of wheat while the rice output is decreasing.
38.The underlined word “marred” in the last paragraph probably means “________”.
A.dropped B.damaged
C.blown D.followed
39.What is the main idea of the passage
A.A severe heatwave would continue over India.
B.At least 80% people were killed in the disaster this month.
C.A severe heatwave swept India with a great loss.
D.A slight shortage of 1 million—1.5 million tons of wheat is due to the heatwave.
When you visit London, one of the first things you will see is Big Ben, the famous clock which can be 40.________ all over the world on the B B C. 41.________ the Houses of Parliament had not been 42.b________ down in the great fire of 1834, the great clock would never have been built. Big Ben takes 43.i________ name from Sir Benjamin Hall who was responsible 44.________ the making of the clock. It is not only of great size, but is extremely accurate as well. 45.________ (官员) from Greenwich Observatory have the clock 46.c________ twice a day. Big Ben has rarely gone wrong. Once, however, it 47.________ (不能) to give the 48.c________ time. A painter who had been working on the tower hung a pot of paint on one of the 49.________ (指针) and slowed it down!
Ⅰ.1.D 第一个空考查belong的用法,belong为不及物动词,故应用where引导地点状语从句;第二个空考查定语从句,which引导定语从句,作介词for的宾语。
2.B 考查固定句型。there is no point (in) doing sth意为“做某事没有意义”。
3.D 考查动词辨析。语境表达“机上没有人幸免于难”,故选择survive “存活”。avoid 避开;escape 逃脱;miss 错过。
4.B 语境表达“他的健康状况仍然很差”,故选择remain。prove 证明是;maintain 维持;last 持续。
5.A 考查固定句型。there is no need to do sth意为“没有必要做某事”。
6.D 考查动词的时态和语态。design的动作应该是被动,所以排除主动的A项和B项。design的动作发生在过去,所以排除C选项。
7.C 考查动词的时态。句中前半句中的could 并非是过去时态,因此由后半句中的at the moment这一时间状语可确定时态应该用现在进行时。
8.C 考查动词的时态。第一空表示“(过去某个时间)幸存下来”,故用一般过去时;第二空表示“目前正在迅速恢复中”,所以用现在进行时。
9.A 考查特殊句式。根据前面there be 句里含有否定意义的词little,所以反意疑问句用肯定形式,其主谓应与陈述部分的主谓保持一致,故选A项。
10.A 考查动词短语辨析。句意:就像大部分简单的拼图游戏一样,把它拆开很容易,但是要拼回去就又是一回事了。take apart拆卸,拆开;build up逐渐获得,逐渐建立;set off`出发,动身;deal with处理,对付。
11.A 考查worth的用法。be worth doing “值得做……”,为固定用法,doing主动表示被动,且介词to要带上。
12.B 考查系表结构。remain是系动词,后面要接形容词构成系表结构。stuck是stick的过去分词所转换的形容词,故B正确。remain stuck滞留。
13.D 考查介词短语辨析。in all 共计;in fact实际上;in short 简而言之 ;in return 以……作为回报。根据句意选择D项。
14.D 考查介词短语辨析。in search of寻找;in favour of 支持; in memory of 为了纪念; in honour of 为了纪念。句意:在二十世纪九十年代,许多受过高等教育的年轻人去海南岛找工作。
15.B 考查情景交际。A项意为“别客气;没什么”;B项意为“不完全是”;C项意为“难怪”;D项意为“可以;好的”。句意:——那么你是把你的电话给了她?——不完全是。她说当她自己能买时就还给我。
16.C 由第二段的第一句“The book,which is…”可知,《蚁族》是一本描绘了北漂大学毕业生生活的书。
17.A who引导定语从句修饰some young people,who作从句的主语。
18.A 《蚁族》把大学生描述为像蚂蚁那样聪明。describe“描述”,符合语境。
19.B 这些北漂大学毕业生就像蚂蚁,头脑聪明,但是作为个体,他们微不足道。meaningless意为“无意义的,不重要的”,符合语境。
20.B 这本书是根据对北京约600位低收入大学毕业生历时两年的采访写成的。be based on意为“以……为基础(或根据)”。
21.D 这本书是9月中旬出版的。come out意为“出版”,符合语境。
22.C 由第三段中的“how many of these employed college graduates are leading a happy life”可知,截至9月1日,611万大学毕业生中74%的毕业生找到了工作。
23.B 由下一句“……这些找到了工作的大学毕业生当中,有多少生活过得幸福”可推知,上述统计资料基本没有反映出这些毕业生的真实处境。
24.A Lian一直想知道,这些找到了工作的大学毕业生当中,有多少生活过得幸福。wonder意为“想知道”,符合语境。
25.A Lian希望这本书能够成为一扇展现他们生活的窗户,他们的故事很少有人知道。
26.B 这本书以北京市郊的几个大学毕业生聚居村为背景。setting表示“(戏剧、小说等的)背景”,符合语境。
27.D 那里有许多大学毕业生。a large number of表示“许多”,修饰可数名词的复数,故D项正确。deal的用法为a great/good deal of,表示“许多”,修饰不可数名词;plenty不与冠词连用,plenty of表示“许多”;a large amount of表示“许多”,修饰不可数名词。
28.A 由下文可推知,这些大学毕业生多数在中小企业工作。故答案为A。
29.A 每月挣不到2000块钱。
30.C 由冒号后面的内容可知,他们住在一起是因为这样花钱少。
31.D 由下文“has around 3,000 ______ villagers”可知,唐家岭是一个小村庄。
32.A 由下文“but has become a home for more than 50,000 migrants”可知,外来人口已超过5万人,故大约3000人应是本地的村民。original意为“原来的,起初的”,与语境相符。
33.C 由上下文可知,5万多外来人口多数是全国各地高校的毕业生。graduate from意为“毕业于”。
34.B 这些学生住的都是当地农民修建的五六层高的楼房,每个房间在10平方米左右,两三个人挤一间。这里说的是学生住的地方,即宿舍。
35.A 多达七八十人共用一间卫生间和厨房。share“共用,合用”,符合语境,故选A。
36.A 作者意图题。本文是一篇新闻报道,第一段第一句点明了文章的中心话题,根据本句内容可知文章的目的是报道一条关于热浪席卷印度的新闻。
37.D 推理判断题。根据倒数第二段的开头部分可知印度的小麦喜获丰收;最后一段的开头部分提到印度正依靠小麦丰产来弥补大米产量降低14.2%的损失,由此可推知印度的大米产量在下降。
38.B 词义猜测题。大米是印度最主要的夏季种植的农作物,去年受37年来最严重的季风的“毁坏”,产量下降14.2%。故选B项。
39.C 主旨大意题。本文是一篇新闻报道,第一段是文章的中心段,根据该段内容可知文章主要讲的是一场严重的热浪席卷印度后对其造成的巨大损失。
Ⅳ.40.heard 41.If 42.burned/burnt 43.its 44.for
45.Officials 46.checked 47.failed 48.correct 49.hands
课后阅读---------- Who's who 真假难辨
It has never been explained why university students seem to enjoy practical jokes more than anyone else. Students specialize in a particular type of practical joke: the hoax. Inviting the fire-brigade to put out a non-existent fire is a crude form of deception which no self-respecting student would ever indulge in. Students often create amusing situations which are funny to everyone except the victims.
When a student recently saw two workmen using a pneumatic drill outside his university, he immediately telephoned the police and informed them that two students dressed up as workmen were tearing up the road with a pneumatic drill. As soon as he had hung up, he went over to the workmen and told them that if a policeman ordered them to go away, they were not to take him seriously. He added that a student had dressed up as a policeman and was playing all sorts of silly jokes on people. Both the police and the workmen were grateful to the student for this piece of advance information.
The student hid in an archway nearby where he could watch and hear everything that went on. Sure enough, a policeman arrived on the scene and politely asked the workmen to go away. When he received a very rude reply from one of the workmen, he threatened to remove them by force. The workmen told him to do as he pleased and the policeman telephoned for help. Shortly afterwards, four more policemen arrived and remonstrated with the workmen. As the men refused to stop working, the police attempted to seize the pneumatic drill. The workmen struggled fiercely and one of them lost his temper. He threatened to call the police. At this, the police pointed out ironically that this would hardly be necessary as the men were already under arrest. Pretending to speak seriously, one of the workmen asked if he might make a telephone call before being taken to the station. Permission was granted and a policeman accompanied him to a pay phone. Only when he saw that the man was actually telephoning the police did he realize that they had all been the victims of a hoax.
课时作业 [Unit Music]
The sound of the rain hitting the windows wakes me up and it sound just exactly as it did 15 years ago, which reminded me of my girlhood.
It was my second day of 1 and it was raining heavily. I could not 2 the habit I had at home , so I fell asleep right at my 3 . I woke up to find myself not in the classroom but carried on Dad’s back. We were 4 home. It was the last time I felt 5 to him.
After that, he never carried me or hugged me as other fathers did to their children. I was not bothered much by this 6 . I was proud of it, for I felt 7 and “grown up.” However, there were times when I felt depressed by not having sought 8 from him.
One day, I was writing Chinese characters as homework. I hated doing this more than anything. Dad came and stood behind me for a moment, 9 me scratching (乱吐,勾抹) the paper. Then he said,“This kind of writing needs 10 .Your writing is not strong enough. Press harder.”
I follow his 11 for the next two words, but 12 I could see little improvement, I followed my own method-the 13 way. His advice did not improve my writing but our 14 . As I grew older, I found out that he had finished his 15 in Grade 6, which was the highest grade in town then, so he was considered to be a 6 . People used to ask him to write something to put on the walls, but he never felt very useful.
He often said to me, “As you can see, this family is going to count on you. We are 17 to improve you anything for your future .Your have to get 8 to change the life for yourself.”
As a result of his 19 , I have 20 it through high school and through college.
1. A. graduation B. employment C. college D. school
2. A. from B. resist C. follow D. break
3. A. dormitory B. door C. desk D. bed
4 A. at B. already C. beyond D. halfway
5. A. close B. near C. happy D. relaxed
6. A. gap B. thought C. action D. accident
7. A. lonely B. depressed C. independent D. comfortable
8. A. comfort B. help C. support D. explanation
9. A. helping B. directing C. watching D. blaming
10. A. skill B. patience C. time D. practice
11. A. introduction B. manner C. spirit D. advice
12. A. even if B. while C. as D. though
13. A. difficult B. slow C. efficient D. fast
14. A. relationship B. friendship C. thought D. life
15. A. schooling B. life C. hope D. expectation
16. A. writer B. scholar C. scientist D. specialist
17. A. tired B. glad C. useless D. ready
18. A. an education B. a rich boyfriend C. a well-paid job D. a good writing
19. A. help B. expectations C. examination D. watch
20. A. succeeded B. got C. made D. found
1~5 DBCDA 6~10 BCACB
11~15 DCDAA 16~20 BCABC
1.These old pictures bring to their mind the college days ________ they spent together, ________ life was hard but happy.
A.when; whose B.which; whose
C.which; when D.when; which
2.—Are you familiar ________ the music
—Yes.The music is very familiar ________ me, but I can't remember when and where I heard it.
A.with; with B.to; to
C.with; to D.to; with
3.I________through that bitter period without your generous help.
A.couldn't have gone B.didn't go
C.wouldn't go D.hadn't gone
4.The detective, ________ to be reading a newspaper, glanced at the man ________ next to a woman.
A.pretending; seated B.pretended; seated
C.pretending; seat D.pretended; seating
5.In recent years, parents have been ________ a great deal of importance to the education of their children.
A.attaching B.attracting
C.attacking D.assigning
6.The eyes are more ________ to light in childhood than in adult life, so a mother should not expose the eyes of her baby directly to bright light such as bathroommaster.
A.familiar B.available
C.contradictory D.sensitive
7.The warning of the storm, ________ over the radio and on TV, spread quickly through the province.
A.broadcasting B.having broadcast
C.broadcast D.to be broadcast
8.Well known sportsmen can ________ large sums of money from manufacturers by advertising clothes and equipment.
A.form B.earn C.deal D.affect
9.Many people are quite at a loss as to what to do________a real fire.
A.in honor of B.in need of
C.in case of D.in form of
10.As far as I know, he is a serious man and you'd better not ________ jokes on him.
A.take B.bring C.make D.put
11.—Can you help me with the maths homework, mom
—You can't always ________others' help for your homework.Do it by yourself this time, dear.
A.wait on B.rely on
C.insist on D.turn on
12.To be great, you must be smart, confident, and, ________, honest.
A.therefore B.above all
C.however D.after
13.[2012·陕西卷] He had to pause from time to time to wipe the sweat from his forehead, because the air conditioning system ________.
A.broke in B.broke up
C.broke out D.broke down
14.He wrote a lot of novels,none of________was translated into a foreign language.
A.them B.what C.that D.which
15.—Jones! Roy has broken the glass.
—________ Such things happen.
A.Doesn't matter. B.How come
C.What a pity! D.What has become of him
As a parent you might never guess all the ways a good imagination benefits your child. It helps a preschooler(学龄前儿童):
Develop social skills
As children play pretend, they explore relationships between family members, friends and co workers and learn more about how people interact. Playing doctor, they imagine how physicians care for their patients. Playing house, they learn more about how parents feel about their children. Imaginative play helps develop empathy(同情) for others. If children can imagine how it feels to be left out of a game or to lose a pet, they are better able to help those in need. They become more willing to play fair, to share, and to cooperate.
Build self confidence
Young children have very little control over their lives. Imagining oneself as a builder of skyscrapers(摩天大楼) or a superhero defending the planet is empowering to a child. It helps them develop confidence in their abilities and their potential.
Boost intellectual growth
Using the imagination is the beginning of abstract thought.Children who can see a king's castle in a mound(堆) of sand or a delicious dinner in a mud pie are learning to think symbolically(象征性地). This skill is important in school where a child will have to learn that numerals symbolize groups of objects, letters symbolize sounds, and so on.
Practice language skills
Kids who play pretend with their friends do a lot of talking.This helps boost their vocabulary, improve sentence structure and promote communication skills.
Work out fears
Playing pretend can help children work out their fears and worries. When children role play about the big, bad monster under the bed, they gain a sense of control over him and he doesn't seem quite so big or so bad. Imaginative play also helps kids vent(发泄) confusing feelings they might have, such as anger toward a parent or compete with a new sibling(兄弟姐妹).
To encourage your youngster's imagination, read to him every day. Books offer children the opportunity to visit other worlds and create new ones of their own.
For generations children have enjoyed reading the story of Peter Pan because Peter takes them on fascinating adventures.Reader's Digest Young Families offers a beautiful typical Disney edition of Peter Pan, which is an iParenting Media Award winner. Click here to find out how you can get this classic story along with 2 free books—Bambi and Pinocchio.
16.What's NOT the advantage of children having a good imagination
A.Understanding the other people's feelings and problems.
B.Expressing their feelings like anger.
C.Having a strong faith in their own abilities and potential.
D.Helping them form a good habit of reading stories.
17.What does the underlined word “Boost” mean
A.Improve. B.Limit.
C.Push. D.Praise.
18.From the last paragraph we can learn that ________.
A.Reader's Digest Young Families wins an iParenting Media Award
B.Disney edition of Peter Pan can be got online for free
C.the story of Peter Pan has been popular with kids
D.Bambi and Pinocchio are offered for free because of bad sales
19.What's the purpose of writing the article
A.To tell readers the benefits of encouraging children's imagination.
B.To introduce some wonderful Disney stories to readers.
C.To provide ways of helping make kids more imaginative.
D.To persuade parents to buy the Disney edition of Peter Pan.
Cellphones: is there a cancer link
Could your cellphone give you cancer Whether it could or not, some people are worrying about the possibility that phones, power lines and wi fi could be responsible for a range of illnesses, from rashes to brain tumors.
Some say there is evidence to support the growing anxieties. David Carpenter, a professor of environmental health sciences at the university at Albany, in New York, thinks there's a greater than 95 percent chance that power lines can cause childhood leukemia(白血病). Also there's a greater than 90 percent chance that cellphones can cause brain tumors. “It's apparent now that there's a real risk,” said Carpenter.
But others believe these concerns are unjustified. Dr Martha Linet, the head of radiation epidemiology(流行病学) at the US National Cancer Institute, has looked at the same research as Carpenter but has reached a different conclusion. “I don't support warning labels for cellphones,” said Linet. “We don't have the evidence that there's much danger.”
Studies so far suggest a weak connection between EMFs(电磁场) and illness—so weak that it might not exist at all. A multinational investigation of cellphones and brain cancer, in 13 countries outside the US, has been underway for several years. It's funded in part by the European Union, in part by a cellphone industry group. The final report should come out later this year, but data so far don't suggest a strong link between cellphone use and cancer risk.
20.From the passage we can learn that some people are worried because________.
A.they have evidence that the use of cellphones can lead to cancer
B.they make a fuss over cellphone use
C.some experts have given a warning
D.cellphones are responsible for brain tumors
21.By saying “I don't support warning labels for cellphones,” Dr Martha Linet has the idea that________.
A.the worrying is unnecessary
B.cancer warning labels should be on cellphones
C.there is a link between cellphones and cancer
D.cellphones have nothing to do with cancer
22.The underlined word “underway” is closest in meaning to________.
A.started B.kept on
C.gone on D.in progress
23.Which of the following best describes the attitude of the author towards the debate
A.Optimistic. B.Objective.
C.Disapproving. D.Casual.
假设你是李华,是我校一名高三学生。最近你收到来自友好学校朋友Jack的邀请,请你下个月去他们学校参加文化交流活动并介绍中国的传统绘画。 但是你和其他高三学生一样在忙于准备高考,不得不谢绝他的邀请。请根据下面的要点给Jack用英语写一封回信。
参考词汇:National College Entrance Examination 高考
Dear Jack,
Thank you very much for your invitation.________________________________________________________________________
Ⅰ.1.C 考查定语从句。句意:这些旧照片把他们的思绪带回到他们一起度过的大学时光,那时生活艰苦但很愉快。此题考查the college days为先行词的两个定语从句。第一空:which在从句中作spent的宾语;第二空:when在定语从句中作状语。
2.C 考查介词的用法。be familiar with… 表示“对……熟悉,通晓”,多以人作主语;be familiar to…表示“为……所熟悉”,表示被动含义,多以事物作主语,人作宾语。
3.A 考查虚拟语气。由句意“没有你的慷慨相助,我就不可能度过那段艰难的时光”可知,应用A项表示对已经发生过的事情的相反意义的假设。
4.A 考查非谓语动词。第一空因pretend和主语the detective之间是主动关系,故用现在分词;第二空seat作“坐”解时,用过去分词作宾补。
5.A 考查动词辨析。 attach importance to 为固定搭配,意为“重视”。句意:最近几年,父母非常重视他们孩子的教育。attract吸引;attack袭击;assign 分配,指派。
6.D 考查形容词词义辨析。句意:孩子的眼睛对于光线比成人更为敏感,所以母亲不能让婴儿的眼睛直视亮的光源,如浴霸。familiar熟悉的;available可得到的,可利用的;contradictory矛盾的;sensitive敏感的,灵敏的。
7.C 考查非谓语动词。broadcast为过去分词作定语,表示“被播报”。
8.B 考查动词辨析。句意:著名运动员在广告中替厂家宣传服装和器械,可获得巨额报酬。 earn “赚得”,符合句意。
9.C 考查介词短语辨析。A项意为“为了表达对某人的敬意”;B项意为“需要”;C项意为“万一”;D项意为“以……的形式”。句意:万一发生火灾,很多人会不知所措。
10.C 考查固定搭配。make jokes on sb“拿某人开玩笑”。句意:据我所知,他是个严肃的人,因此你最好别开他的玩笑。
11.B 考查动词短语辨析。A项意为“服侍;伺候”;B项意为“依靠;依赖”;C项意为“坚持”;D项意为“打开”。句意:……你不能总是依靠别人帮你做作业……
12.B therefore所以;因此;above all首先;最重要的是;however然而;after在……之后。句意:要成为伟大之人,你必须聪慧、自信,最重要的是,要诚实。
13.D break in打断,闯入,开始工作;break up结束,散开,分解;break out爆发;break down崩溃,垮掉,出毛病,抛锚。句意:他不得不时不时地停下来擦去额头上的汗水,因为空调出毛病了。选D。
14.D 考查定语从句。关系代词which指代先行词novels,且本句为非限制性定语从句,排除that,所以选择which。
15.A 考查情景对话。句意:——Jones! Roy打坏了玻璃。——没关系。这样的事情时有发生。
16.D 细节理解题。从最后两段可知,要让孩子提高想象力,最好的办法就是多读书给他们。这里并没有说可以帮助他们养成阅读故事的好习惯。用排除法也可解答该题。从“Develop social skills”部分可知A项表述正确;从“Work out fears”部分可知B项表述正确;而C项与“Build self confidence”部分的信息一致。
17.A 词义猜测题。结合该段的内容,即丰富的想象力带给儿童的又一好处,例如,可以帮助孩子进行抽象思考等,因此,可推知该段标题的意思是“促进智力发育”,故选A。
18.C 推理判断题。依据该段第一句话推断Peter Pan的故事一直深受儿童喜爱。其余选项则与原文不符。
19.A 写作意图题。本篇文章采用“总——分”的写作方式,从文章第一段即可判断这篇文章的写作目的。
20.C 推理判断题。根据文中内容可知,有些专家明确辐射会致病,并警告人们。
21.A 推理判断题。根据第四段最后一句可知,该专家认为没有任何证据可以证明辐射可以对人体造成伤害。
22.D 词义猜测题。根据文章可知此词意为“在进行中”。
23.B 推理判断题。文中作者并没有明确表明自己赞成还是反对的观点,所以是比较客观地看待该问题。
Ⅲ.One possible version:
Dear Jack,
Thank you very much for your invitation.
I'd love to accept it and take this opportunity to introduce traditional Chinese painting to foreign friends, but I'm sorry to inform you that I can't. The reason is that I, together with my classmates, am busy preparing for the coming National College Entrance Examination, which is very important for me. I strongly recommend my friend Anna, who is the most suitable choice to take my place next month. She began to learn painting at an early age and has a good knowledge of traditional Chinese painting. I'm sure that her active personality and perfect spoken English will help make your activity a success.
Sorry again for any inconvenience caused by my absence and all the best wishes to you.
Li Hua
Lesson 38 The first calender 最早的日历
Future historians will be in a unique position when they come to record the history of our own times. They will hardly know which facts to select from the great mass of evidence that steadily accumulates. What is more, they will not have to rely solely on the written word. Films, videos, CDs and CD-ROMS are just some of the bewildering amount of information they will have. They will be able, as it were, to see and hear us in action. But the historian attempting to reconstruct the distant past is always faced with a difficult task. He has to deduce what he can from the few scanty clues available. Even seemingly insignificant remains can shed interesting light on the history of early man.
Up to now, historians have assumed that calendars came into being with the advent of agriculture, for then man was faced with a real need to understand something about the seasons. Recent scientific evidence seems to indicate that this assumption is incorrect.
Historians have long been puzzled by dots, lines and symbols which have been engraved on walls, bones, and the ivory tusks of mammoths. The nomads who made these markings lived by hunting and fishing during the last Ice Age which began about 35,000 B.C. and ended about 10,000 B.C. By correlating markings made in various parts of the world, historians have been able to read this difficult code. They have found that it is connected with the passage of days and the phases of the moon. It is, in fact, a primitive type of calendar. It has long been known that the hunting scenes depicted on walls were not simply a form of artistic expression. They had a definite meaning, for they were as near as early man could get to writing. It is possible that there is a definite relation between these paintings and the markings that sometimes accompany them. It seems that man was making a real effort to understand the seasons 20,000 years earlier than has been supposed.
课时作业[必修 Unit Body language]
One day I hopped in a taxi and we__21__for the airport. We were driving in the right lane when __22__ a black car drove out of a parking space right in front of us. My taxi driver slammed on his brakes, skidded, and __23__ the other car by __24__ inches! The driver of the other car whipped his head around and started yelling at us.
My taxi driver just smiled and __25__ at the guy. And I mean,he was really__26__. So I asked, “Why did you just do that This guy almost __27__ your car and sent us to the __28__!” This is when my taxi driver taught me __29__ I now call, “The Law of the Garbage Truck.”
He __30__ that many people are like garbage__31__. They run around full of garbage, full of frustration, full of anger, and full of __32__. As their garbage piles __33__, they need a place to __34__ it and sometimes they'll dump it on you. Don't take it personally. Just smile, wave, wish them well, and move on. Don't take their garbage and __35__ it to other people at work, at home, or on the streets.
The bottom line is that __36__ people do not let garbage trucks take over their day. Life's __37__ short to wake up in the morning with __38__. So....Love the people who treat you right. __39__ for the ones who don't. Life is ten percent what you make it and ninety percent __40__ you take it! 【文章选自《海外英语》2011年3月的 “The Law of the Garbage Truck”】
21. A. took on B. took up C. took off D. took down 【原创】
22. A. immediately B. suddenly C. finally D. quickly 【原创】
23. A. missed B. lost C. caught D. crashed 【原创】
24. A. nearly B. even C. just D. still 【原创】
25. A. glanced B. shouted C. nodded D. waved 【原创】
26. A. impatient B. friendly C. excited D. painful 【原创】
27. A. took B. dropped C. moved D. ruined 【原创】
28. A. church B. prison C. police station D. hospital 【原创】
29. A. what B. that C. which D. how 【原创】
30. A. explained B. argued C. stated D. described 【原创】
31. A. cans B. trucks C. bins D. collections 【原创】
32. A. curiosity B. expectation C. disappointment D. confidence 【原创】
33. A. away B. off C. on D. up 【原创】
34. A. drop B. dump C. throw D. burn 【原创】
35. A. spare B. suffer C. spread D. share 【原创】
36. A. wealthy B. thankful C. successful D. faithful 【原创】
37. A. very B. so C. too D. far 【原创】
38. A. delight B. regrets C. satisfaction D. generosity 【原创】
39. A. Search B. Account C. Pray D. Charge 【原创】
40. A. where B. that C. why D. how 【原创】
21-25 CBACD 26-30 BDDAA
31-35BCDBC 36-40 CCBCD
1.________the experiment right,I tried again and succeeded.
A.Not having done B.Having not done
C.Not doing D.Not done
2.Mike wasn't happy about what Jason said, and ________.
A.I was nor B.nor was I
C.I was either D.either was I
3.—What do you mean by saying that
—I think you ________ what I had said. I meant no harm.
A.understood B.misunderstood
C.amused D.caught
4.The children were warned of not being too________about things they are not supposed to know.
A.strange B.amusing
C.curious D.satisfied
5.[2012·山东卷] After completing and signing it, please return the form to us in the envelope ________.
A. providing B. provided
C. having provided D. provide
6.—“Dear Frank, when will our wedding be?”
—“Ah, when God knows.” He said, and ________ away from her, walked rapidly away.
A.turning B.turned
C.turn D.to turn
7.The kitchen is often the busiest room in a household, so it's important to make sure it ________well.
A.smoothes B.functions
C.pays D.measures
8.Jane's always nervous when she has to make a speech; she must accustom herself to be ________ when she is with people.
A.at ease B.in disguise
C.at risk D.in relief
9.People in these countries demand equal treatment for all,________race, religion or sex.
A.in defence of B.regardless of
C.instead of D.in support of
10.Although the couple didn't choose to sleep in the wild instead of in the hotel, it________unexpectedly beautiful.
A.turned up B.turned out
C.turned down D.turned around
11.The results of the sports meeting will be ________ on Sunday morning.
A.put away B.put off
C.put up D.put down
12.I guess we've already talked about this before but I'll ask you again just________.
A.by nature B.in return
C.in case D.by chance
13.—Have the peace talks broken down
—Yes.Armed conflict is ________ to break out between the two countries.
A.likely B.possibly
C.probably D.gradually
14.Eric didn't feel at ________ ease in the party,because he was afraid of losing ________ face.
A.the; a B.an; / C./; the D./; /
15.—Would she mind playing against her former teammates
—________She is willing to play against any tough players.
A.I think so. B.I'm not surprised.
C.Of course. D.Not likely!
US researchers have found traces of an ancient lake on Mars recently, increasing hopes of discovering evidence that billions of years ago the red planet hosted life.
The lake, which dates back some 3.4 billion years, appears to have covered as much as 80 square miles and was up to 1,500 feet deep, said the team from the University of Colorado.
“This is the first clear evidence of shorelines on the surface of Mars,” said Boulder's research associate, Gaetano Di Achille, in a study published in the latest edition of Geophysical Research Letters.
“The identification of the shorelines and accompanying geological evidence allows us to calculate the size and volume of the lake, which appears to have formed about 3.4 billion years ago.”
Analysis of the images has shown the water carved out the canyon(溪谷) in which it was found, which then opened out into a valley depositing(使淤积) sediment(沉积物) which formed a delta(三角洲).
“Finding shorelines is a great discovery to us”, said assistant professor Brian Hynek, adding it showed the lake existed at a time when Mars was thought to have been cold and dry.
Scientists believe the oldest surfaces on Mars formed during the wet and warm era known as the Noachan epoch, about 4.1 billion to 3.7 billion years ago.
The newly discovered lake is believed to date from the Hesperian era and postdates the end of the warm and wet period on Mars by 300 million years, according to the study.
Scientists believe deltas next to the lake may well hold secrets about past life on Mars as such places on Earth have become the natural deposits of organic carbon and other markers of life.
16.The size of the lake found on Mars is ________.
A.80 square miles
B.1,500 square miles
C.3.4 billion square miles
D.300 million square miles
17.When the lake existed, the weather on Mars was ________.
A.hot and wet B.wet and warm
C.cold and dry D.cold and wet
18.Why do scientists think deltas near the lake may hold secrets about past life on Mars
A.Because similar places on Earth have become natural deposits of markers of life.
B.Because someone has put secrets about past life on Mars there.
C.Because past life has been found in other deltas on Mars.
D.Because some people are said to have already seen life marks there.
19.Which of the following statements is NOT true according to the passage
A.The Noachan epoch was a wet and warm era.
B.The lake might have existed 3.4 billion years.
C.The discovery can't fully prove that the Mars once hosted life.
D.The lake traces prove that there exists life on Mars now.
Yawning is so contagious(具有传染性的) that chimpanzees can “catch” it from cartoons, according to research.
Scientists from Emory University in Atlanta,US, have discovered that a cartoon of a yawning chimp will stimulate(刺激) real chimps to yawn. They describe in the Royal Society journal,Proceedings B,how this could assist in the future study of empathy(同感,共鸣).The work could also help explain if and how computer games might cause children to imitate what they see on screen.
Previous studies have already shown contagious yawning in chimpanzees—stimulated by video recorded footage of yawns.
“We wanted to expand on that,” explained Matthew Campbell,a researcher from Emory University's Yerkes National Primate Research Center and lead author of the study.“We're interested in using cartoons for presenting stimuli to animals, because we can control all the features of what we show them,” he continued.
Although Dr Campbell doesn't think the chimps were “fooled” by the cartoons into thinking they were looking at real chimps, he explained that there was evidence that chimpanzees “process animated(动画的) faces the same way they process photographs of faces”.
He said, “It's not a real chimpanzee,but it kind of looks like a chimpanzee, and they're responding to that.”
He and his team, including Devyn Carter who designed the cartoons, showed the animals the yawning sequences.
“We also had the cartoons doing other movements with their mouths that the chimps often do,” he said.“The chimps showed a lot more yawning during the yawn video than when the control videos were playing.”
He told BBC News that the only way he and his colleagues could explain the “very strong difference” they saw was that seeing the yawns was making the animals yawn.
20.According to the passage, the scientists have found that ________.
A.yawning is a contagious facial expression among chimps
B.chimps will imitate a cartoon chimp who is yawning
C.chimps are able to understand cartoons very well
D.chimps like watching cartoons very much
21.According to the passage we can learn that ________.
A.yawning on both cartoon videos and pictures can make chimps yawn
B.Devyn Carter led the study about contagious yawning
C.children will also be stimulated to yawn by the videos of chimps
D.people can control all the features of animals through cartoons
22.By studying the action of chimps, the scientists hope to ________.
A.teach them more body language of human beings
B.learn how chimps use their brains to study
C.control the actions and behaviors of animals
D.create more charming cartoon characters
23.The passage is mainly talking about ________.
A.a serious research about chimps' body language
B.those contagious gestures of animals
C.why children imitate what they see on TV
D.a study about chimps' ability of imitating
Each time we receive help from others, we say “Thank you”. We may say it many times a day. It seems that “Thank you” is very popular 24.a________ us Chinese students. 25.B________ is it as popular in the UK The answer is “no”. According to a 26.________ ( 最近的)study in The Daily Telegraph, “Thank you” is only the 20th most popular way of 27.________ (表达) thanks in the UK. The study 28.s________ that British people tend to say “Cheers” instead. For example, when friends invite 29.________ other for a drink after a basketball 30.________, a “Cheers” may be the best way to say “thanks”. “Cheers” also means “ganbei” in Chinese. You may often hear the word 31.s________ between two good friends. Of 32.________, there are some formal ways to say “thanks” in the UK. For example, when a stranger is especially 33.________ (有帮助的), they may say “brilliant” or “much appreciated”.
Ⅰ.1.A 考查非谓语动词。此处是非谓语动词作状语。非谓语的否定式是在非谓语动词前加not且其动作在谓语动词动作之前已经发生,故用现在分词的完成式,选A。
2.B 表示“某人也不……时”,应该用倒装句型“neither/nor+助动词/系动词/情态动词+主语”。
3.B 答语句意为:我想你误解了我的话。我并无恶意。
4.C 考查形容词辨析。strange奇怪的;amusing可笑的;curious好奇的;satisfied满意的。be curious about对……好奇。句意:孩子们被警告不要对他们不应该知道的事太好奇。
5.B 考查非谓语动词。句意:填完表格后,将其放入所提供的信封返回给我们。provide 与其所修饰的envelope是动宾关系,所以用过去分词作后置定语,表示“被动和完成”。
6.A 分析句子结构可知,and前后连接的是两个接连发生的动作(“said” and “walked”),因此考查的是非谓语动词,故正确答案是A,现在分词作伴随状语,表分词动作(turning)伴随主句动作(walked)发生。B项把原句and放在第二个逗号后,前后连接三个接连发生的动作,才可以选;C项从时态上可以排除;D项不定式表将来或目的,不合语境。
7.B 考查动词辨析。function起……作用,发挥功能,运转。句意:厨房通常是家里最忙碌的房间,因此确保它很好地发挥功能很重要。smooth 使……顺利,抚平; pay 付款; measure 测量。
8.A 考查介词短语辨析。at ease轻松,自由自在。句意:简做演讲时总是很紧张;当与他人在一起时,她必须使自己轻松自在。in disguise 假装; at risk 冒险; in relief 欣慰地。
9.B 考查介词短语辨析。regardless of不管。句意:这些国家的人们要求平等待遇,不管种族、宗教或性别。
10.B 考查动词短语辨析。turn out结果是。turn up出现;turn down 关小,拒绝;turn around 转身。
11.C 考查动词短语辨析。put up张贴,符合句意。句意:运动会的结果将在星期日上午张榜公布。 put away 收起来; put off 拖延; put down 放下,镇压。
12.C 考查介词短语辨析。in case 以防,万一。by nature 天生地;in return 作为回报;by chance 碰巧。句意:我认为我们以前已谈论过这个话题,但是我将再问一下以防万一。
13.A 根据问句中的broken down可知,这两国间有可能发生武装冲突。be likely to do sth 很可能会做某事。注意:四个选项中,只有likely是形容词,在这里用作表语。
14.D 考查冠词的用法。at ease(舒适、快活、自由自在)和lose face(丢脸)都是固定搭配,名词前均不加冠词。
15.D 考查交际用语。句意:“她会介意与她之前的队友们对垒吗?”“不会!她喜欢与任何强劲的选手比赛。”I think so.我想是这样的。I'm not surprised.一点也不奇怪。Of course.当然。Not likely!(大概)不会!此处表示不介意,所以选择D。
16.A 细节理解题。根据第二段可知答案为A项。
17.C 细节理解题。根据第六段中…it showed the lake existed at a time when Mars was thought to have been cold and dry.可知答案为C。
18.A 细节理解题。由原文最后一句可直接得出答案。
19.D 推理判断题。由第一段内容可知火星上湖岸线的发现只是增加了人们发现亿万年前火星上曾经存在生命证据的可能性,但并不能推出火星上现在有生命。
20.B 细节理解题。根据第二段第一句可知黑猩猩看到动画片中打呵欠的黑猩猩时,会进行模仿。
21.A 细节理解题。根据第五段后半部分中的内容可知无论是动画片中还是图片中的打呵欠动作都可以让黑猩猩打呵欠。
22.C 推理判断题。黑猩猩看到动画片中打呵欠的黑猩猩后会进行模仿,第四段的后半部分提到科学家可以控制所有的播放内容,由此可推断科学家希望通过研究黑猩猩的模仿行为来控制动物的行为和举止。
23.D 主旨大意题。本文是一篇研究报道,第一段是文章的中心段,根据该段内容可知文章是关于黑猩猩模仿能力的一项研究。
Ⅲ.24.among 25.But 26.recent 27.expressing
28.shows 29.each 30.game/match 31.spoken/said
32.course 33.helpful
课后阅读----------The power of the press 新闻报道的威力
In democratic countries any efforts to restrict the freedom of the Press are rightly condemned. However, this freedom can easily be abused. Stories about people often attract far more public attention than political events. Though we may enjoy reading about the lives of others, it is extremely doubtful whether we would equally enjoy reading about ourselves. Acting on the contention that facts are sacred, reporters can cause untold suffering to individuals by publishing details about their private lives. Newspapers exert such tremendous influence that they can not only bring about major changes to the lives of ordinary people but can even overthrow a government.
The story of a poor family that acquired fame and fortune overnight, dramatically illustrates the power of the press. The family lived in Aberdeen, a small town of 23, 000 inhabitants in South Dakota. As the parents had five children, life was a perpetual struggle against poverty. They were expecting their sixth child and were faced with even more pressing economic problems. If they had only had one more child, the fact would have passed unnoticed. They would have continued to struggle against economic odds and would have lived in obscurity. But they suddenly became the parents of quintuplets, four girls and a boy, an event which radically changed their lives. The day after the birth of the five children, an aeroplane arrived in Aberdeen bringing sixty reporters and photographers.
The rise to fame was swift. Television cameras and newspapers carried the news to everyone in the country. Newspapers and magazines offered the family huge sums for the exclusive rights to publish stories and photographs. Gifts poured in not only from unknown people, but from baby food and soap manufacturers who wished to advertise their products. The old farmhouse the family lived in was to be replaced by a new $500, 000 home. Reporters kept pressing for interviews so lawyers had to be employed to act as spokesmen for the family at press conferences. While the five babies were still quietly sleeping in oxygen tents in a hospital nursery, their parents were paying the price for fame. It would never again be possible for them to lead normal lives. They had become the victims of commercialization, for their names had acquired a market value. Instead of being five new family members, these children had immediately become a commodity.
课时作业[ Unit 4 Earthquakes]
In the city of Fujisawa, Japan, lives a woman named Atsuko Saeki When she was a teenager, she 1 of going to the United States. Most of what she knew about American 2 was from the textbooks she had read. "I had a 3 in mind: Daddy watching TV in the living room,
Mummy 4 cakes and their teenage daughter off to the cinema with her boyfriend."
Atsuko 5 to attend college in California. When she arrived, however, she found it was not her 6 world. "People were struggling with problems and often seemed 7 ," she said. "I felt very alone."
One of her hardest 8 was physical education. "We played volleyball." she said.
"The other students were 9 it, but I wasn't."
One afternoon, the instructor asked Atsuko to 10 the ball to her teammates so they could knock it 11 the net—No problem for most people, but it terrified Atsuko. She was afraid of losing face 12 she failed.
A young man on her team 13 what she was going through. "He walked up to me and 14 , 'Come on. You can do that'"
"You will never understand how those words of 15 made me feel.. Four words: You can do that I felt like crying with happiness."
She made it through the class. Perhaps she thanked the young man; she is not 16 .
Six years have passed. Atsuko is back in Japan, working as a salesclerk. "I have 17 forgotten the words." she said. "When things are not going so well, I think of them."
She is sure the young man had no idea how much his kindness 18 to her. "He probably doesn't even remember it," she said. That may be the lesson. Whenever you say something to a person cruel or kind—you have no idea how long the words will 19 . She's all the way over in Japan, but still she hears those four 20 words: You can do that.
1. A. learned B. spoke C. dreamed D. heard
2. A. way B. life C. education D. spirit
3. A. photo B. painting C. picture D. drawing
4. A. baking B. frying C. steaming D. boiling
5. A. hoped B. arranged C. liked D. attempted
6. A. described B. imagined C. created D. discovered
7. A. tense B. cheerful C. relaxed D. deserted
8. A. times B. question C. classes D. projects.
9. A. curious about B. good at C. slow at D. nervous about
10. A. kick B. pass C. carry D. hit
11. A. through B. into C. over D. past
12. A. after B. if C. because D. until
13. A. believed B. considered C. wondered D. sensed
14. A. warned B. sighed C. ordered D. whispered
15. A. excitement B. encouragement C. persuasion D. suggestion
16. A. interested B. doubtful C. puzzled D. sure
17. A. never B. already C. seldom D. almost
18. A. happened B. applied C. seemed D. meant
19. A. continue B. stay C. exist D. live
20. A. merciful B. bitter C. simple D. easy
1~5 CBCAB 6~10 BACBD
11~15 CBDDB 16~20 DADBC
1.—It's reported that over 1 billion people watched the live opening ceremony of ________ 2012 London Olympic Games on TV.
—Yes, news came as________ shock to me.
A.the; the B./; a
C.the; a D.a; the
2.—Jack fell off the ladder yesterday,but he is all right now.
—What a lucky dog! He________himself badly.
A.should injure B.might injure
C.should have injured D.could have injured
3.After the earthquake,the poor girl was found________under the ruins of a church.
A.burying B.to be buried
C.buried D.being buried
4.Jack wasn't saying anything,but the teacher smiled at him________he had done something very clever.
A.as if B.in case C.while D.though
5.Today we have chat rooms,text messaging,emailing…but we seem ________ the art of communicating face to face.
A.losing B.to be losing
C.to be lost D.having lost
6.Some parents are just too protective. They want to________ their kids from every kind of danger,real or imagined.
A.spot B.dismiss C.shelter D.distinguish
7.Seventy two hours passed.More than one hundred workers remained ________ in the coal mine, though fifty had been saved.
A.trapping B.trapped
C.to be trapped D.being trapped
8.According to a recent survey, too much pressure and long working hours are ________ many people's health.
A.hurting B.injuring
C.ruining D.deserting
9.It is said that the old pot ________under the earth for about 1,000 years by the time it was discovered.
A.had buried B.had been buried
C.buried D.were buried
10.Anyway, the crowd around me were obviously enjoying their day out at the races, ________ by their happy faces and the sense of excitement.
A.observing B.judging
C.considering D.inferring
11.The local government in Shenzhen has recently passed a new regulation forbidding supermarkets and stores to ________ free plastic bags to shoppers, in order to protect the environment.
A.give off B.give in
C.give up D.give out
12.________treating the homeless man as a shame to society, Mrs.Wang provided him with food and water.
A.Instead of B.As a result of
C.In the event of D.Regardless of
13.Nowadays, a large number of women, especially those from the countryside, ________ in the clothes industry.
A.is working B.works
C.work D.worked
14.Most of us do read a lot in English, but our speaking and writing skills leave much ________.
A.to improve B.to be improved
C.improved D.improve
15.—Do you know if Linda is willing to take charge of the program
—________,does it
A.It takes no time B.It counts for nothing
C.It doesn't hurt to ask D.It doesn't make sense
On Sundays my father always wore that black apron—the one with the race cars all over it. After breakfast Dad always announced: “Go ahead everyone.I'll take care of the dishes!” With that my mother disappeared into the folds of the Sunday paper. Off_came_the_suit_coat_he_had_worn_to_church_that_morning._Up_went_the_shirtsleeves._On_went_that_apron. For the next hour Dad did the dishes, singing songs like“Who Put the Chow in Mrs. Murphy's Chowder”?
I suppose it was strange for a father to wear an apron—even one with race cars—but I never thought much of it until that Sunday when we walked home from church together.“Tommy”, he said,“There comes a time in every boy's life when he must take on responsibilities.” “Responsibilities?” I asked. “Yes. It's time you took a greater role in the household. Starting today, I want you to do the dishes on Sunday morning so your mother and I can relax.” “The dishes?” “Anything wrong with taking over the dishes?”I started to say something about a man's job, but I knew immediately that my protests would fall on deaf ears.
I didn't taste a bit of breakfast that morning. My father announced to my mother, “Let's go to read the paper, honey.Our oldest son has generously offered to fill the position.”So this was what my life had come to.
People often say there is a special chemistry between a father and a son. He came back into the kitchen just as I was about to storm out. In his right hand was the old apron.“I want you to have this, Tommy. It'll keep your clothes from getting wet.” And before I could do anything, he had put that apron on me. “Thanks, Son. Your mother and I appreciate this.”
With that he disappeared into the Sunday paper. I looked down at the apron.It had seen better days.I could see my dad reaching for the dishes. Soon I was singing about Mrs. Murphy's Chowder.
16.What is the main purpose of the underlined sentences in the first paragraph
A.To show the unwillingness of his father when doing dishes.
B.To instruct the main steps of how his father does dishes.
C.To emphasize his father's clumsy way of doing dishes.
D.To stress the enjoyment and happiness of his father's doing dishes.
17.What does the underlined word “responsibilities” in the second paragraph refer to
A.Taking care of the brothers.
B.Making progress academically.
C.Doing all the dishes.
D.Washing the apron with race cars.
18.What did the author mean by saying “People often say there is a special chemistry between a father and a son” in the fourth paragraph
A.Mind acts upon mind.
B.Like father like son.
C.A child is better unborn than untaught.
D.Obedience is the first duty of a boy.
19.How did the author feel at the end of the passage
A.Proud. B.Enjoyable.
C.Surprised. D.Regretful.
All over the world, libraries have begun the Herculean task of making faithful digital copies of the books, images and recordings that preserve the intellectual effort of humankind. For armchair scholars, the work promises to bring such a wealth of information to the desktop that the present Internet may seem amateurish in retrospect. …
Librarians see three clear benefits to going digital. First, it helps them preserve rare and fragile objects without denying access to those who wish to study them. The British Library, for example, holds the only medieval manuscript of Beowulf in London. Only qualified scholars were allowed to see it until Kevin S. Kiernan of the University of Kentucky scanned the manuscript with three different light sources(revealing detail not normally apparent to the naked eye) and put the images up on the Internet for anyone to peruse(细读). Tokyo's National Diet Library is similarly creating highly detailed digital photographs of 1,236 woodblock prints, scrolls and other materials it considers national treasures so that researchers can scrutinize them without handling the originals.
A second benefit is convenience. Once books are converted to digital form, patrons can retrieve them in seconds rather than minutes. Several people can simultaneously read the same book or view the same picture. Clerks are spared the chore of reshelving. And libraries could conceivably use the Internet to land their virtual collections to those who are unable to visit in person.
The third advantage of electronic copies is that they occupy millimeters of space on a magnetic disk rather than meters on a shelf. Expanding library buildings is increasingly costly. The University of California at Berkeley recently spent $46 million on an underground addition to house 1.5 million books—an average cost of $30 per volume. The price of disk storage, in contrast, has fallen to about $2 per 300 page publication and continues to drop.
20.The best title for this passage would be “________”.
A.Three Benefits of Libraries
B.Libraries Going Digital
C.Space saving E learning
D.Security of Electronic Reading
21.Which paragraph(s) in the text offer(s) further explanation of the central idea
A.Paragraphs 2, 3 and 4 B.Paragraphs 3 and 4
C.Paragraphs 2 and 4 D.Paragraph 4
22.Which one of the following is mentioned as an advantage of e libraries
A.Old manuscripts can be moved more easily.
B.Materials can be examined without being touched.
C.Fewer staff will be required in libraries.
D.Libraries will be able to move underground.
23.What does the word “scrutinize” probably mean
A.Keep for a while. B.Reprint.
C.Restore. D.Examine carefully.
I started to learn English at the age of seven. The experience of singing and chatting 24.________ English gave me the feeling that English is a beautiful language, 25.________ can bring people a lot of joy. At that time, English was indeed a very good friend to me. After I 26.________ (上学) middle school, I began to find English learning wasn't so 27.e________. In fact, I had to be as hard working as 28.o________ fellow students, but I 29.________ (不能) to make any greater progress. I was about to give up my English study 30.________ I met Miss Wang, a kind teacher, who encouraged me to 31.p________ more. With her help, I took part in English competitions and won many 32.p________. Since then English has absolutely been one of my 33.________(最喜欢的)subjects.
Ⅰ.1.C 考查冠词的用法。第一空特指2012年伦敦奥运会;第二空考查抽象名词具体化,此处指“一个震惊的消息”。
2.D 考查情态动词。could have done表示“本来可能而实际未……”。根据句意应选D。
3.C 考查非谓语动词。句意:地震之后,那个可怜的女孩被发现埋在一个教堂的废墟下。
4.A 考查连词。句意:杰克什么都没说,但是老师对他微笑着,好像他做了件很明智的事情。as if意为“好像,似乎”,根据语境可知,A项正确。
5.B 考查动词不定式的用法。动词seem接动词不定式构成seem to结构,故首先排除A、D两项。再结合语境可知,此处描写的是我们目前的状况,故用动词不定式的进行式表示目前正在发生的事情或所处的状态。即B项正确。
6.C 考查动词辨析。根据前一句中的内容可知父母想给孩子提供“庇护”,让他们避免各种危险,无论是真实的还是想象的。A项表示“认出;发现”;B项表示“开除;解散”;D项表示“区分”,都不符合语意。
7.B 考查“remain +v. ed”的用法。由语境可知,工人是被困的,所以用trapped。
8.C 考查动词辨析。ruin破坏, 毁灭。句意:根据最近的一项调查,压力过大和长时间的工作正在破坏许多人的健康。hurt伤害(感情);injure伤害,损害(感情),损害(名誉);desert放弃,抛弃。
9.B 考查动词的时态和语态。截止到被发现已经被埋藏了千年,故用过去完成时态,且使用被动语态。
10.B 考查习惯用法。judging by “通过……判断”,在句中通常作状语。
11.D 考查动词短语辨析。give out分发,符合句意。 give off散发,放出; give in屈服;give up放弃。
12.A 考查介词短语辨析。句意:王女士给这个无家可归的人提供食物和水,而不是把他看作社会的羞耻。 instead of “代替……,而不是……”,其后接名词、动名词等; as a result of 由于; in the event of 在……关头; regardless of 不顾,不管。
13.C 考查主谓一致。a large number of…作主语,谓语动词用复数,由Nowadays可知,时态为一般现在时。
14.B 考查非谓语动词。to be improved 用作补语,表示尚未发生的动作。our speaking and writing skills leave much to be improved 意为“我们的说和写的能力有待于极大提高”。
15.C 考查交际用语。根据答语中的反意疑问部分可知前半句是否定句,由此可排除前两项。C项的意思是“问一下没关系”,符合语境。
16.D 推理判断题。下一句提到作者的父亲一边唱歌一边洗刷餐具,再结合本段中他所说的话可推测这三个倒装句是为了强调作者的父亲非常享受这个过程,乐在其中。
17.C 词义猜测题。根据下文中的“Starting today,I want you to do the dishes…”可知画线词指的是“洗刷所有的餐具”。
18.A 推理判断题。下一句提到正当作者要冲出来时,作者的父亲拿着那件旧围裙来到了厨房,由此可推出两人“心有灵犀一点通”。后三项分别表示“有其父必有其子”、“养不教,父之过”、“男孩以服从命令为天职”,都不符合语境。
19.B 推理判断题。最后一段最后提到作者也效仿父亲的做法,边唱那首歌曲边洗刷餐具,由此可推断作者感到非常“愉快”。
20.B 推理判断题。根据第一段可知,图书馆将会建立网上图书馆,这就意味着图书馆的数字化。
21.A 推理判断题。文章第二、三、四段分别就三个优点进行了深层次的剖析。因此选A。
22.C 推理判断题。根据第三段可知管理员无需亲自把书放入书架了,这样就省了大量的员工,因此选C。
23.D 词义猜测题。根据画线词所在的句子:有了网上浏览,读者不需花大量的时间仔细地寻找自己需要的书了。
Ⅲ.24.in 25.which 26.entered/attended 27.easy
28.other 29.failed 30.when 31.practice/practise
32.prizes 33.favo(u)rite
课后阅读--------Illusions of Pastoral Peace 宁静田园生活的遐想
The quiet life of the country has never appealed to me. City born and city bred, I have always regarded the country as something you look at through a train window, or something you occasionally visit during the weekend. Most of my friends live in the city, yet they always go into raptures at the mere mention of the country. Though they extol the virtues of the peaceful life, only one of them has ever gone to live in the country and he was back in town within six months. Even he still lives under the illusion that country life is somehow superior to town life. He is forever talking about the friendly people, the clean atmosphere, the closeness to nature and the gentle pace of living. Nothing can be compared, he maintains, with the first cock crow, the twittering of birds at dawn, the sight of the rising sun glinting on the trees and pastures. This idyllic pastoral scene is only part of the picture. My friend fails to mention the long and friendless winter evenings in front of the TV ---- virtually the only form of entertainment. He says nothing about the poor selection of goods in the shops, or about those unfortunate people who have to travel from the country to the city every day to get to work. Why people are prepared to tolerate a four-hour journey each day for the dubious privilege of living in the country is beyond me. They could be saved so much misery and expense if they chose to live in the city where they rightly belong.
If you can do without the few pastoral pleasures of the country, you will find the city can provide you with the best that life can offer. You never have to travel miles to see your friends. They invariably live nearby and are always available for an informal chat or an evening's entertainment. Some of my acquaintances in the country come up to town once or twice a year to visit the theatre as a special treat. For them this is a major operation which involves considerable planning. As the play draws to its close, they wonder whether they will ever catch that last train home. The city dweller never experiences anxieties of this sort. The latest exhibitions, films, or plays are only a short bus ride away. Shopping, too, is always a pleasure. There is so much variety that you never have to make do with second best. Country people run wild when they go shopping in the city and stagger home loaded with as many of the exotic items as they can carry. Nor is the city without its moments of beauty. There is something comforting about the warm glow shed by advertisements on cold wet winter nights. Few things could be more impressive than the peace that descends on deserted city streets at weekends when the thousands that travel to work every day are tucked away in their homes in the country. It has always been a mystery to me why city dwellers, who appreciate all these things, obstinately pretend that they would prefer to live in the country.
课时作业 [ Working the land]
Learning to Accept
I learned how to accept life as it is from my father. 1 , he did not teach me acceptance when he was strong and healthy, but rather when he was 2 and ill.
My father was 3 a strong man who loved being active, but a terrible illness 4 all that away. Now he can no longer walk, and he must sit quietly in a chair all day. Even talking is 5 . One night, I went to visit him with my sisters. We started 6 about life, and I told them about one of my 7 . I said that we must very often give things up 8 we grow --- our youth, our beauty, our friends --- but it always 9 that after we give something up, we gain something new in its place. Then suddenly my father 10 up. He said, “But, Peter, I gave up 11 ! What did I gain ” I thought and thought, but I couldn’t think of anything to say. 12 , he answered his own question: “I 13 the love of my family,” I looked at my sisters and saw tears in their eyes, along with hope and thankfulness.
I was also 14 by his words. After that, when I began to feel irritated (愤怒的) at someone, I 15 remember his words and become 16 . If he could replace his great pain with a feeling of love for others, then I should be 17 to give up my small irritations. In this 18 , I learned the power of acceptance from my father.
Sometimes I 19 what other things I could have learned from him if I had listened more carefully when I was a boy. For now, though, I am grateful for this one 20 .
1. A. Afterwards B. Therefore C. However D. Meanwhile
2. A. tired B. weak C. poor D. slow
3. A. already B. still C. only D. once
4. A. took B. threw C. sent D. put
5. A. impossible B. difficult C. stressful D. Hopeless
6. A. worrying B. caring C. talking D. asking
7. A. decisions B. experiences C. ambitions D. beliefs
8. A. as B. since C. before D. till
9. A. suggests B. promises C. seems D. requires
10. A. spoke B. turned C. summed D. opened
11. A. something B. anything C. nothing D. everything
12. A. Surprisingly B. Immediately C. Naturally D. Certainly
13. A. had B. accepted C. gained D. enjoyed
14. A. touched B. astonished C. attracted D. warned
15. A. should B. could C. would D. might
16. A. quiet B. calm C. Relaxed D. happy
17. A. ready B. likely C. free D. able
18. A. case B. form C. method D. way
19. A. doubt B. wonder C. know D. guess
20. A. award B. gift C. lesson D. word
1~5 CBDAB 6~10 CDACA
11~15 DACAC 16~20 BDDBB
1.It's not easy to learn English well.________as much as possible is necessary.
A.Having read B.Read
C.Reading D.To have read
2.—I regret________you that John has been fired.
—I can hardly believe my ears.He is such a fine worker.
A.telling B.having told
C.to tell D.to have told
3.—The cars give off a great deal of waste gas in the streets.
—Yes.But I'm sure something will be done to________air pollution.
A.reduce B.remove C.drop D.warn
4.Having been praised by the teacher,the little girl ran back home,________.
A.happily and satisfied B.eager and excitedly
C.happy and satisfied D.anxiously and excitedly
5.The diamond mine ________ accidentally by a little boy when he was playing hide and seek.
A.discovered B.was discovered
C.has been discovered D.would discover
6.In Bangkok severe flooding, many major roads ________ north, towards the areas worst affected by the flooding, were largely impassable.
A.to lead B.leading
C.led D.to be led
7.It is reported that the newly built studio is ________badly.
A.equipped B.equaled
C.supplied D.offered
8.Mom,I'm afraid it's going to rain.The clouds in the sky are ________.
A.building up B.breaking up
C.staying up D.getting up
9.—Are there any English storybooks for us students in the library
—There are only a few,________.
A.if any B.if have C.if some D.if has
10.The discovery of new evidence led to________.
A.the thief having caught
B.catch the thief
C.the thief being caught
D.the thief to be caught
11.Statistics show that for every mile they drive men have ________ as women do.
A.serious accidents as twice many
B.twice as many serious accidents
C.twice serious accidents as many
D.serious accidents as many twice
12.The French Revolution was successful in________society of inequality,which had a great effect on many other countries,particularly those in Europe.
A.informing B.reminding
C.ridding D.robbing
13.It is illegal for a public official to ask people for gifts or money________favours to them.
A.in preference to B.in place of
C.in agreement with D.in exchange for
14.The traffic problems have severely affected economic development. ________ we must spare no efforts to solve them.
A.Furthermore B.Therefore
C.Meanwhile D.Nevertheless
15.—Shall I give you a ride as it is so late
—Thank you.________.
A.If you insist B.It's up to you
C.It all depends D.It couldn't be better
When 47 year old volunteer Susan Boyle stepped onto the stage of Britain's Got Talent and announced she was unemployed, had never been married and “never been kissed, actually”, few in the audience would have wondered why. This Ms Boyle, looking unfashionable, from a village in Scotland, shocked the three judges and the audience with the song I dreamed a dream from the musical Les Miserables on a show of Britain's Got Talent, one of the hottest reality shows in Britain.
She couldn't hide the awkwardness when walking to the center of the stage in a housedress, and everyone—including the judges—seemed laughing at her when she said she wanted to be as successful as Elaine Paige. As soon as she began singing, however, everyone in the auditorium fell silent, then rose within seconds to applaud her incredible voice as the celebrity judges sat open mouthed, and remained standing to the end.
After her performance, one of the judges Piers Morgan said,“Without doubt that was the biggest surprise I've had in three years of this show. When you stood there everyone was laughing at you.No one is laughing now. That was amazing.”Actress Amanda Holden followed,“I'm so thrilled because I know that we everybody were against you.I honestly think that we were all being very cynical(愤世嫉俗的) and I think that's the biggest wake up call ever.”
Susan obviously won over the hearts of millions around the world with sensation spreading across the Atlantic. Hollywood actors Ashton Kutcher and Demi Moore—who between them have nearly 1.5 million followers—speak highly of her. Kutcher posted a link to the video clip(片段). The Scottish talent made her live American debut via satellite connection on CBS's The Early Show, doing an interview and singing live from her room. And she already accepted an invitation from talk show hostess Oprah Winfrey.
Now Boyle has become one of the world's hottest celebrities. The video clip of her performance has been viewed more than 50 million times on Youtube, becoming a hit on the Internet.
16.We learn from the passage that Susan Boyle ________.
A.rose from a low social class
B.had an unhappy marriage
C.lived with a dog alone on a farm
D.won the championship in the Britain's Got Talent show
17.At the beginning of the show, almost everybody ________.
A.looked forward to her wonderful performance
B.was attracted by her beautiful dress
C.looked down upon her
D.placed great hope on her
18.We can infer that ________ contributed most to her global popularity.
A.the judges B.the Internet
C.the newspaper D.the advertisement
19.The 4th paragraph is intended to tell us ________.
A.how Susan Boyle achieved her success
B.the comment made by American actor Ashton Kutcher
C.Susan Boyle's influence in the USA
D.Oprah Winfrey's invitation to Susan Boyle
The class of eighth grade at a Los Angeles middle school tap their rulers and nod their heads to the rhythm of the rap video shown on a screen. Their algebra teacher, LaMar Queen, uses rhyme to help them memorize seemingly difficult items to improve their grades.
Queen, 26, is now known at Los Angeles Academy Middle School as the rap teacher, but his fame has spread beyond the 2,200 student school in this neighborhood. He's won a national award and shown teachers and parents how to use rap to teach children.“Math is a bad word for many students, but if we put it in a form that kids enjoy, they'll learn,” Queen said. “Rap is what the kids respond to.They don't have a problem memorizing the songs at all.”
Queen's math rap came about by chance. Two months after starting at LA Academy, he was frustrated when kids said his class was boring. They thought that he looked like the singer Kanye West, so they challenged him to rap.
Queen has been rapping since the seventh grade. With his students' challenge on his mind, he pushed aside work on his lesson plans and wrote a rap song Slope Intercept.
Word of his rapping soon reached the school's main office. Principal Maria Borges went to look into it, and came out smiling.“It interests the kids,” she said.“Kids seem to know all the rap songs, and it's helpful for them to remember math rules.” “Some kids who aren't even in Mr Queen's class go around singing his songs,” said Kejon Closure, 13, who went from a C average to an A.
In the raps, Queen defines a math concept and works through sample problems step by step. He keeps a relaxed manner when singing with his students. Queen also tries to inspire them. His lyrics tell students “to get As on your papers”,and “to be respectful and listen to your parents”.Sometimes the students appear in the videos as a reward for good grades and behavior.
20.According to the passage, LaMar Queen has been ________ since he began to teach students at Los Angeles Academy.
A.a popular teacher  B.a music teacher
C.a mathematics teacher  D.a famous singer
21.LaMar Queen has won a national award because ________.
A.he is good at composing rap songs
B.his new musical production was shown on TV
C.he created a unique teaching method in math
D.he gave students a lot of confidence
22.We can infer from the last paragraph but one that ________.
A.Queen's teaching method has been well received by both the principal and the students
B.Queen makes math easy and tries to inspire his students in the rap
C.Queen is willing to help the students who are not good at math
D.Principal Maria Borges doesn't think it a good way to teach math by rapping
23.This passage may be taken from China Daily in the column of ________.
A.society  B.education
C.entertainment  D.biography
Last weekend, our school organized a social activity. We are required to find out how much the countryside has changed.
The country takes 24.________ a new look both in living environment and mental outlook. Hills are covered with trees and gardens are 25.________ with flowers. Rivers are clean with 26.b________ over them, which makes the traffic very 27.________ (方便的). Farmers are living in the beautiful houses which are equipped with fine 28.________ (家具). What impressed us most is 29.________ farmers are paying special attention to their cultural life. Because they have more money and 30.l________ physical burden, they can afford more time for leisure. People look more 31.________ (精力充沛的) and younger than 32.________ age.
This activity was really a big surprise for us. What we saw in the countryside was far better than 33.e________.
Ⅰ.1.C 考查非谓语动词。本句中缺少主语,所以需要用动名词作主语。
2.C 考查固定用法。regret to do…“遗憾做……”;regret doing…“后悔做了某事”。由句意可知应选C项。
3.A 考查动词词义辨析。reduce减少;remove移动;drop抛下;warn警告。句意:……但我相信要做点什么来减少空气污染。
4.C 考查形容词作状语。形容词作状语,用以说明主语或宾语的状态,而副词作状语则用来修饰谓语。句意:由于受到了老师的表扬,小女孩跑回家,兴奋异常。
5.B 考查动词的被动语态。句意:这个钻石矿是在那个小男孩玩捉迷藏的时候偶然被发现的。
6.B 考查非谓语动词。句意:在曼谷的大洪水中,许多通往北方、去往受洪水影响最严重地区的道路,大部分都无法通行。此处是现在分词短语作后置定语,且roads与lead之间是逻辑上的主谓关系。
7.A 考查动词词义辨析。equip装备;配备;equal相等;等同于;supply提供;offer(主动)提供。句意:据报道,这个新建的演播室设备很差。
8.A 句意:妈妈,恐怕要下雨了。天空中的云越来越密集了。build up逐渐增加,符合句意。break up打碎,分裂,解体;stay up不睡觉,熬夜;get up起床。
9.A 考查情景交际。A项意为“如果有的话(也不多)”。B项意为“如果有”,表示肯定。答语句意:——就是有,也只有几本。
10.C 考查非谓语动词。lead to 导致,to是介词后面接动名词作介词宾语,排除B和D;又因为是小偷被抓住,表被动,排除A,所以应选C。
11.B 考查倍数的表达方法。正确形式应为:倍数词+as+形容词(名词)/副词+as。
12.C 考查动词辨析。rid…of…使……摆脱……。inform sb of sth 告知某人某事;remind sb of sth 提醒某人某事;rob sb of sth 抢劫某人的某物。
13.D 考查介词短语辨析。in exchange for交换,符合题意。in preference to 偏爱;in agreement with与……一致;in place of取代。
14.B 考查副词辨析。therefore因此,表因果。交通问题已经严重影响了经济的发展,因此,我们应该不遗余力地来解决这些问题。furthermore此外,而且,表递进;meanwhile同时,其间;nevertheless然而,不过,表转折。
15.D 考查交际用语。从答语知,答话人已经接受对方的好意,故选D项,表示“太好了,再好不过了”。can/could not+be+比较级,表示“没有比……更……的;非常……”。
正如一位哲人所说,“小人物也有大梦想”。在英国,47岁的妇女Susan Boyle也有自己的追求和梦想。那么她来到“英国达人秀”会有怎样的经历呢?她最终会成功吗?
16.A 推理判断题。从文章第一段中的“she was unemployed, had never been married and ‘never been kissed,actually’”和“from a village in Scotland”这些信息可推知,Susan Boyle来自社会的底层,所以选A项。
17.C 细节理解题。从文章第二段中的“everyone—including the judges—seemed laughing at her”可知,人们最初都嘲笑她,看不起她。答案选C项。
18.B 推理判断题。从文章最后一段的内容可推知,她红遍全球要归功于互联网的传播,答案选B项。
19.C 推理判断题。通读文章第四段的内容可推知,该段主要讲述Susan Boyle在美国的影响,据此选C项。
20.C 细节理解题。根据文章第二、三段可知LaMar Queen在从教之初并不受学生欢迎,他用说唱的方式授课后才出名的,可排除A项。根据文章第一段Their algebra teacher(他们的代数老师)以及后文多次提到的“math”可知答案为C项。
21.C 推理判断题。根据全文尤其是第一、二段内容可知LaMar Queen教数学的方式与众不同,正因为他独特的教学方法使他获奖,故选C项。
22.A 推理判断题。题干中the last paragraph but one是“倒数第二段”的意思,注意审题。从校长调查到学生说的话可知LaMar Queen的教学被校长和学生认可。故选A项。
23.B 推理判断题。全文介绍LaMar Queen用说唱的方法教授数学,属于教育类文章。故选B项。
Ⅲ.24.on 25.filled 26.bridges 27.convenient 28.furniture
29.that 30.less 31.energetic/lively 32.their 33.expected
课后阅读---------Speed and comfort 又快捷又舒适
People, traveling long distances frequently have to decide whether they would prefer to go by land, sea, or air. Hardly anyone can positively enjoy sitting in a train for more than a few hours. Train compartments soon get cramped and stuffy. It is almost impossible to take your mind off the journey. Reading is only a partial solution, for the monotonous rhythm of the wheels clicking on the rails soon lulls you to sleep. During the day, sleep comes in snatches. At night, when you really wish to go to sleep, you rarely manage to do so. If you are lucky enough to get a sleeper, you spend half the night staring at the small blue light in the ceiling, or fumbling to find your ticket for inspection. Inevitably you arrive at your destination almost exhausted. Long car journeys are even less pleasant, for it is quite impossible even to read. On motorways you can, at least, travel fairly safely at high speeds, but more often than not, the greater part of the journey is spent on roads with few service stations and too much traffic. By comparison, ferry trips or cruises offer a great variety of civilized comforts. You can stretch your legs on the spacious decks, play games, meet interesting people and enjoy good food----always assuming, of course, that the sea is calm. If it is not, and you are likely to get sea-sick, no form of transport could be worse. Even if you travel in ideal weather, sea journeys take a long time. Relatively few people are prepared to sacrifice holiday time for the pleasure of travelling by sea.
Aeroplanes have the reputation of being dangerous and even hardened travellers are intimidated by them. They also have the disadvantage of being an expensive form of transport. But nothing can match them for speed and comfort. Travelling at a height of 30, 000 feet, far above the clouds, and at over 500 miles an hour is an exhilarating experience. You do not have to devise ways of taking your mind off the journey, for an aeroplane gets you to your destination rapidly. For a few hours, you settle back in a deep armchair to enjoy the flight. The real escapist can watch a film and sip champagne on some services. But even when such refinements are not available, there is plenty to keep you occupied. An aeroplane offers you an unusual and breathtaking view of the world. You soar effortlessly over high mountains and deep valleys. You really see the shape of the land. If the landscape is hidden from view, you can enjoy the extraordinary sight of unbroken cloud plains that stretch out for miles before you, while the sun shines brilliantly in a clear sky. The journey is so smooth that there is nothing to prevent you from reading or sleeping. However you decide to spend your time, one thing is certain: you will arrive at your destination fresh and uncrumpled. You will not have to spend the next few days recovering from a long and arduous journey.
(4)(25 min.)
赞成 反对
1. 大学生时间充裕,具有丰富的网购经验;2. 大学生思想活跃,了解时尚需求。 1. 大学生开网店浪费时间,会耽误学业;2. 大学生缺乏经商经验,容易失败。
Dear Editor,
Recently, our class have had a heated discussion on whether college students should run online shops.
One possible version:
Recently, our class have had a heated discussion on whether college students should run online shops.
Some students think that college students have not only enough spare time but also rich experience in online shopping. Besides, they know the trend of fashion very well, which is helpful for their jobs in the future.
Others, however, hold the opposite view that running online shops will waste a lot of time, which can definitely affect their studies. What's more, it is easier for them to fail in the business owing to the lack of experience. As a result, the failure will have a lasting influence on them.
In my opinion, college students should focus on studies first. After all, running an online shop requires much time and energy. College students should devote most of their time to studying instead of making money.
Yours truly,
Li Hua
课时作业[The United Kingdom]
The great ship, Titanic, sailed for New York from Southampton on April 10th, 1912. She was _____21______1,316 passengers and a crew of 891. Even __22___ modern standards, the 46,000 ton Titanic was a huge ship. At that time, ____23____, she was not only the largest ship that had ___24____ been built, but was regarded as _____25_____, for she had sixteen watertight compartments.(轮船的密封舱) Even if two of these were flooded, she ____26____ still be able to float. The ____27____ sinking of this great liner will always be remembered, for she went down on her first voyage with heavy ____28____ of life.
Four days after setting out, _____29_____ the Titanic was sailing ____30____ the icy waters of the North Atlantic, a huge iceberg was suddenly ___31____ by a lookout. After the alarm had been given, the great ship turned ____32_____ to avoid a direct collision. The Titanic turned just in time, ____33____ missing the immense wall of ice which rose over 100 feet out of the water beside her. Suddenly, there was a slight trembling sound from ___34___, and the captain went down to see what had happened. The noise had been so ____35____ that no one thought that the ship had been ____36____. Below, the captain ____37______ to his horror that the Titanic was sinking rapidly, for five of her sixteen watertight compartments had already been __38_____! The order to ____39____ ship was given and hundreds of people jumped into the icy water. As there were not enough lifeboats for ____40____, 1,500 lives were lost.
原创,《新概念英语3 》Lesson 10 The Loss of the Titanic
21. A. carrying B. taking C. bringing D. making
(原创,考查动词carry 作为“运送”的意思,区别carry 的同义词)
22.A. in B. on C. to D. by
(原创,考查介词by 作为“依照,按照”)
23.A. but B. because C. therefore D. however
24.A. only B. still C. ever D. even
25.A. uncomfortable B. unbearable C. unsinkable D. unbelievable
(原创,考查形容词unsinkable 意思“不会沉没的”,根据下文可知)
26.A. will B. would C. should D. could
(原创,考查情态动词would 用法)
27.A. tragic B. fortunate C. unsuccessful D. amusing
28.A. harm B loss C. damage D. suffering
(原创,考查名词loss 用法,“损失”)
29.A. when B. while C. until D. though
(原创,考查连词while 用法)
30.A. along B. over C. on D. across
31.A. spotted B. recognized C. exposed D. uncovered
32.A. sharply B. directly C. deeply D. hugely
(原创,考查副词sharply “迅速地,突然地”)
33.A. suddenly B. narrowly C. immediately D. slightly
34.A. above B. under C. beside D. below
(原创,考查副词below,根据下文down 可知)
35.A. faint B. small C. slim D. tiny
(原创,考查形容词faint“微弱的”,根据上文slight trembling sound 可知)
36.A. destroyed B. ruined C. damaged D. hurt
(原创,考查动词damage “部分损坏”)
37.A. realized B. achieved C. confirmed D. proved
38.A. challenged B. protected C. removed D. flooded
39.A. abandon B. advance C. absorb D. absolute
(原创,考查动词abandon “遗弃”)
40.A. somebody B. anybody C. everybody D. nobody
(原创,考查代词everybody, not everybody 部分否定)
21—25 ADDCC 26—30 BABBD
31—35 AABDA 36—40 CADAC
1.—My daughter mastered Japanese in less than two years.
—Did she?She ________ have a gift for languages.
A.can B.might C.should D.must
2.The two men discussed and came to ________ conclusion that the helicopter would take ________ place of a car some day.
A./; / B.a; the C.a; / D./; the
3.I'm trying to break the ________ of getting up too late.
A.tradition B.convenience
C.habit D.leisure
4.The teacher stressed again that the students should not ________ any important details while retelling the story.
A.bring out B.let out
C.leave out D.make out
5.Peter ________ under the pressure of his position and was unable to work for a year.
A.settled down B.broke down
C.passed away D.broke out
6.He received a set of china yesterday from his parents ________ sixty pieces.
A.consisted of B.consisting of
C.consist of D.to consist of
7.She's going to have problems finding a job ________ she has a doctor's degree.
A.if B.even if C.as D.since
8.—I hear that you will be on travel again.
—Yeah.My boss ________ for me to discuss business details with someone from another company.
A.asked B.arranged C.sent D.called
9.—When did you find your pocket ________?
—It was when I was going to work by bus.
A.to pick B.to be picked
C.picked D.picking
10.—Sorry,but I can't visit you tomorrow.
—Come whenever it is to your ________.
A.preference B.pleasure
C.convenience D.connection
11.Mrs.White said that she would treasure the most ________ time she had ever had.
A.positive B.enjoyable
C.miserable D.unbelievable
12.—How many people attended the exhibit
—________ speaking,about 200.I didn't count.
A.Strictly B.Roughly
C.Generally D.Honestly
13.The traveler ________ us with his stories,most of which happened in the war and were full of great adventures.
A.thrilled B.influenced
C.challenged D.encouraged
14.It is ________ the king's credit that he is against the establishment of a new political party.
A.on B.to C.in D.for
15.Nobody wanted to ________ matters for him though everyone knew that he was blameless.
A.solve B.clarify C.handle D.set about
American children aren't the only couch potatoes with nearly one third of children globally spending three hours a day or more watching TV or on computers, according to the study of over 70,000 teens in 34 nations.
From Argentina to Zambia, Regina Guthold of the World Health Organization in Geneva and her colleagues found most children weren't getting enough exercise and that it made no difference if they lived in a rich or a poor country.“With regards to physical activities levels, we did not find much of a difference between poor and rich countries,” Guthold said.“Growing up in a poor country does not necessarily mean that kids get more physical activities.”The study was published in The Journal of Pediatrics, looking at 72,845 schoolchildren aged 13 to 15 from North and South America, Asia, Europe,and the Middle East. The children were surveyed between 2003 and 2007.
The researchers defined adequate physical activity as at least an hour of exercise outside of gym class at least five days a week. Children who spent three or more hours a day watching TV,playing computer games, or chatting with friends—aside from time in school or time spent doing homework—were classified as sedentary.
The researchers found only one quarter of the boys and 15 percent of the girls were getting enough exercise by these definitions. A quarter of boys and nearly 30 percent of girls were sedentary and didn't get enough exercise with girls less active than boys in every country aside from Zambia.
Uruguay had the highest percentage of active boys, at 42 percent, while Zambia had the lowest, at 8 percent. Girls from India were the most active, with 37 percent meeting exercise recommendation, while girls from Egypt were the least active, with just 4 percent getting adequate exercise. Children in Myanmar were the least sedentary, with 13 percent of boys and 8 percent of girls classified as sedentary. The most sedentary nations were St. Lucia and the Cayman Islands, with 58 percent of boys and 64 percent of girls spending at least three hours a day in sedentary activities.
People show deep concern for kids' lack of physical activity in various nations. Why do they have a low level of physical activity Guthold speculated(推测)that urbanization(都市化) could be a factor as well as access to cars and TVs.
16.If you are sedentary, you________.
A.are a diligent student spending much time doing homework
B.have at least an hour of exercise outdoors every day
C.like watching TV and playing computer games
D.spend a lot of time sitting down and not moving
17.Which statement is TRUE about the finding of the study, led by Regina Guthold
A.Most children around the world don't meet the exercise recommendation.
B.Girls in every country are no more active than boys.
C.Children in rich countries relatively get less physical activities.
D.Only 4 percent of the girls from Egypt are not active in exercise.
18.Which could be the best title of the passage
A.American children are addicted to TVs and computers
B.Nearly one third of children globally are couch potatoes
C.Effects of physical activities on health
D.Unimaginable standard of physical health
19.What would the writer be most likely to discuss in detail in the following paragraphs
A.The suitable amount of physical activities for students.
B.Some of the factors for the popularity of cars and TVs among the kids.
C.The reasons behind the lack of physical activities.
D.The ways to make the most of physical activities.
Our lives were supposed to be more flexible and family friendly thanks to the technology at our fingertips. But in this age of BlackBerrys, recession pressures, working at home after hours and on weekends, family time may not be working out the way we thought.
Busy parents who expected more time with the kids are finding that more work hours at home don't necessarily translate into quality time with them.
A new generation of parents need to discover the meaning of “quality time”, researchers say. “Personally, just given the life I lead, I think there is something to this idea of quality time—spending productive time with children vs. just being around,” says Peter Brandon, a professor at Carleton College. He says engaging or interacting with a child in activities such as reading or playing counts as quality time rather than “passive monitoring”, such as washing the dishes while the child is watching TV.
“This_time_with_children_pays_off,” Brandon says. He notes that good parent child relationships result in children being happier and more successful, including at school.
As parents struggle to be more available to their kids, new research on work and family schedules to be presented Friday at the meeting in Dallas includes a study that shows parents' availability is on the decline because more parents are in the workforce. Although parents today may be spending more time on child care, they are less available overall.
Working parents who spend less time with their children should try to make sure the time they do spend is communicating with them, vs. doing the dishes or spending more time on themselves, Brandon says “The trade off is not necessarily taking away time from your kid,” he says, “You're taking away time from other things.”
20.The first paragraph mainly intends to tell us that ________.
A.technology lets parents work at home
B.parents are satisfied with their work
C.technology makes our lives much easier
D.the family time is not always satisfying
21.We can learn from the third paragraph that ________.
A.some families are not experiencing quality time
B.it's enough for parents to stay with their children
C.parents enjoy engaging in work at home activities
D.working hours at home can transform into quality time
22.According to Brandon, the quality time means ________.
A.just being around with children
B.work time is separate from family time
C.spending interactive time with children
D.letting the children do whatever they want to do
23.The underlined sentence “This time with children pays off” means________.
A.the time with children is of little value
B.the time with children costs quite a lot
C.the time with children leads to good result
D.the time with children has a bad effect on them
24.What will the author most probably talk about in the next part of the passage
A.How to spend more time at home.
B.How to do the dishes in a proper way.
C.How to spend more time in working at home.
D.How to take away time in a much proper way.
I'd like to tell you something that I experienced in the City Park. 25.________ the afternoon of last Sunday, my friend and I were taking a walk along a river in the City Park 26.________ suddenly we heard a boy 27.________ (喊) for help in the river. We jumped into the river and 28.p________ the boy out. Then we made him 29.b________ using the mouth to mouth way. After the boy came to 30.________, we sent him to hospital at once and 31.t________ his parents. The boy was saved. His parents were very 32.________ (感激) to us and the doctors thought 33.________ of our first aid. We realized that knowing first aid is helpful and important because it can help you to save 34.l________.
Ⅰ.1.D 考查情态动词。不到两年就学会了日语,那“一定(must)”很有语言天赋。
2.B 考查冠词。come to a conclusion得出结论;take the place of代替。
3.C 考查名词。句意:我正试图改掉起床太晚的习惯。habit:a thing that you do often and almost without thinking,especially sth.that is hard to stop doing 习惯。
4.C 考查动词短语辨析。leave out“漏掉”;bring out“使显示;出版;生产;说出”;let out“放掉,泄露;放大;出租”;make out“书写,声称;理解;辨认出”。由句意可知选C。
5.B 考查动词短语辨析。句意:Peter不堪工作之负病倒了,一年不能上班。break down在此意为“身体出毛病”。settle down定居,平静下来;pass away去世;break out突发,爆发。
6.B 考查动词短语用法。句意:他昨天从他父母那里收到六十件一套的瓷器。a set of china与consist of之间为逻辑上的主动关系,所以要用动词 ing形式作定语,相当于定语从句which consists of。
7.B 考查连词。句意:即使她有博士学位,找工作也将遇到一些困难。even if即使,在此引导让步状语从句。
8.B 考查动词辨析。arrange for sb.to do sth是固定用法,表示“安排某人做某事”。其他三项均无此用法。
9.C 问句句意:你什么时候发现你的口袋被掏了?本题考查过去分词作宾补。
10.C 考查名词辨析。答句句意:你什么时候方便就什么时候来。convenience方便,便利。preference偏爱;pleasure快乐,高兴;connection连接。
11.B 考查形容词辨析。由宾语从句中的she would treasure可知,是一段“令人愉快的(enjoyable)”时光。
12.B 考查副词辨析。roughly speaking粗略地说。strictly speaking严格地说;generally speaking通常,一般说来;honestly speaking老实说。由I didn't count.可知应选B项。
13.A 考查动词辨析。根据happened in the war and were full of great adventures可知旅行者的经历使我们惊骇(thrilled)不已,故选A项。
14.B 考查介词。to one's credit为固定短语,意思是“值得赞扬”,故选B项。
15.B 考查动词(词组)辨析。solve,handle和set about都是“解决”之意,而clarify意思是“澄清;阐明”。句意:没有人想为他澄清事情的真相,虽然每个人都知道他是无过错的。
16.D 推理判断题。第三段提到:除了在学校或做作业的时间外,每天看电视、玩电脑游戏或上网聊天的时间超过三个小时的孩子被定义为“久坐不动的”。由此推断,如果你被认为是“sedentary”,你就是大部分时间坐着不动的人。
17.A 推理判断题。根据第二段内容“多数儿童都缺乏锻炼,而且这和他们生活在富国和穷国没有多大关系”及该段提及的调查的范围可推知A项“全球大多数儿童没有达到建议活动量”是正确的。B项可根据第四段末尾排除;C项可根据第二段前三句排除;D项可根据第五段第二句的后半句排除。
18.B 主旨大意题。第一段是全文的中心,根据第一段内容“一项面向34个国家7万多名青少年开展的调查显示,爱坐在电视机前的并非只有美国儿童,全球近三分之一的儿童每天看电视或玩电脑的时间达到三个小时甚至更多”,由此可知B项正确。
19.C 篇章结构题。最后一段提到:人们对各国儿童缺乏身体锻炼表示极大的关注,Guthold分析,除汽车和电视的普及外,都市化也是造成儿童缺乏身体锻炼的一个因素。由此推断接下来作者很可能会详细地讨论儿童缺乏身体锻炼背后的原因。
20.D 推理判断题。根据第一段最后一句可知,大多数人用在家庭生活的时间有时候不尽如人意。
21.A 推理判断题。根据第三段可知有的人没有理解quality time的意义,以为跟孩子在一起看管孩子就可以了。
22.C 推理判断题。根据第三段可知,和孩子度过有质量的家庭时间要采取积极的互动方式。
23.C 词义推断题。pay off 意为“会有回报的”,此处指的是会带来好的结果。根据后面的“He notes that good parent child relationships result in children being happier and more successful, including at school.”可知C项正确。
24.D 推理判断题。根据文章最后一句“You're taking away time from other things.”可知,后文讲述的就是关于take away time from other things的内容。
Ⅲ.25.On 26.when 27.calling 28.pulled 29.breathe
30.himself 31.telephoned 32.grateful(thankful)
33.highly 34.lives
课后阅读---------Too high a price 代价太高?
Pollution is the price we pay for an overpopulated, over industrialized planet. When you come to think about it, there are only four ways you can deal with rubbish: dump it, burn it, turn it into something you can use again, attempt to produce less of it. We keep trying all four methods, but he sheer volume of rubbish we produce worldwide threatens to overwhelm us.
Rubbish, however, is only part of the problem of polluting our planet. The need to produce ever-increasing quantities of cheap food leads to a different kind of pollution. Industrialized farming methods produce cheap meat products: beef, pork and chicken. The use of pesticides and fertilizers produces cheap grain and vegetables. The price we pay for cheap food may be already too high: Mad Cow Disease (BSE) in cattle, salmonella in chicken and eggs, and wisteria in dairy products. And if you think you'll abandon meat and become a vegetarian, you have the choice of very expensive organically-grown vegetables or a steady diet of pesticides every time you think you're eating fresh salads and vegetables, or just having an innocent glass of water!
However, there is an even more insidious kind of pollution that particularly affects urban areas and invades our daily lives, and that is noise. Burglar alarms going off at any time of the day or night serve only to annoy passers-by and actually assist burglars to burgle. Car alarms constantly scream at us in the street and are a source of profound irritation. A recent survey of the effects of noise revealed (surprisingly ) that dogs barking incessantly in the night rated the highest form of noise pollution on a scale ranging from 1 to 7. The survey revealed a large number of sources of noise that we really dislike. Lawn mowers whining on a summer's day, late-night parties in apartment blocks, noisy neighbors, vehicles of al kinds, especially large container trucks thundering through quiet village, planes and helicopters flying overhead, large radios carried round in public places and played at maximum volume. New technology has also made its own contribution to noise. A lot of people object to mobile phones, especially when they are used in public places like restaurants or on public transport. Loud conversations on mobile phones invade our thoughts or interrupt the pleasure of meeting friends for a quiet chat. The noise pollution survey revealed a rather spurring and possibly amusing old fashioned source of noise. It turned out to be snoring! Men were found to be the worst offenders. It was revealed that 20% of men in their mid-thirties snore. This figure rises to a staggering 60% of men in their sixties. Against these figures, it was found that only 5% of women snore regularly, while the rest are constantly woken or kept awake by their trumpeting partners. Whatever the source of noise, one thing is certain: silence, it seems, has become a golden memory.
但是,还有一种更加隐蔽有害的污染,它专门影响城镇地区,侵袭我们的日常生活,那就是噪音。防盗警报器在白天和黑夜的任何时候都会响起来,它的作用只是骚扰过路行人,而实际上却帮助窃贼入室行窃。在街上,汽车的防盗警报不断对我们吼叫,这是人们极度烦燥的一个原因,最近一个有关噪音的作用的调查(令人吃惊地)指出,夜间连续不断的狗叫声,在一个从1级至7级刻度表上应列为最严重的噪间污染。这个调查揭示了我们所不喜欢的大量的噪间的来源:夏天呜呜作响的割草机,公寓楼里深夜聚会的喧哗声,大声吵闹的邻居,各式各样的车辆,特别是穿越寂静的村庄的集装箱卡车,从头顶飞过的飞机和直升机,被带到公共场所、音量开到最大的大功率收音机。新技术也为噪音作了它的贡献。许多人都反对移动式电话,特别是在如饭店,公共交通车等公共场所使用移动电话。用移动电话大声交谈干扰我们的思路,破坏我们和朋友在一起轻声聊天所得到的乐趣。这个有关噪音的污染调查还揭示了一种出人意外而同时可能会引人意外而同时可能会引人发笑的老式噪音源。它竟然是鼾声。人类是这方面的罪魁祸首。调查指出,20%的35岁左右的男人打鼾;而到60岁这个年龄段,这个数字上升到令人惊愕的60%。与这些数字相比,只有5% 的女性经常打鼾;而其余则经常被与她们同睡、像吹号似地打着呼噜的男人吵醒或弄得睡不着。不管噪声来自何方,有一点是肯定的:看来寂静已变成一种珍贵的回忆。