1. 二一教育资源



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Santiago has visited Machu Picchu many times and knows the best time to arrive. This is before the first train of the day arrives from Ollantaytambo. We boarded our bus and headed up the mountain! As we climbed and climbed, it was easy to imagine how the Spanish failed to discover Machu Picchu during their travels up and down along the Urubamba River far below. The site sits over 7,000 feet high on a mountain top and plants hide it from view.
In the early 1900s, the site was not as much rediscovered as it was made famous by Hiram Bingham, an explorer who was looking for the hidden city of the Incas. In fact, local farmers were using part of Machu Picchu to grow food at the time. No one knows for sure what Machu Picchu was used for or when and why the site was abandoned(遗弃). These questions will likely never be answered. However, what is known for sure is that it was an amazing creation!
As we entered Machu Picchu, we had an opportunity to take the famous “postcard picture” thanks to Santiago. There wasn’t one question that he did not have an answer for. He seemed very conscious(有意识的)of our limited time and wanted to make sure we got the most out of our visit. We had a chance to visit an ancient drawbridge(开合桥). This tested my fear of heights as the drop-off at some points was close to 2,000 feet straight down. In fact, the trail became too dangerous to go any further so we made our way back to the main site and had plenty of time to take great photos there.
After Santiago was satisfied we had seen much as we could, we took the bus back to Aguas Calientes.;
4. Why did the author mention the Spanish in paragraph 1
A.To show that Machu Picchu was difficult to find.
B.To describe how Machu Picchu was damaged.
C.To discuss how valuable Machu Picchu is.
D.To explain why Machu Picchu is attractive.;
5. How does the author describe Machu Picchu
A.It was well protected by local people.
B.It was not as good as she expected.
C.It was hidden by the Incas.
D.It was a great human creation.;
6. When the author stood on the drawbridge, she was probably .
A.tired B.fearful C.excited D.surprised;
7. What can we infer about Santiago
A.He lives in Machu Picchu. B.He knows Machu Picchu well.
C.He comes from Spain. D.He is a local farmer.
I was at the Gathering for Science in Boston, on 22 April 2017, as were 70.000 other scientists. We were there to stand up for facts and truth.
Where are the crowds of scientists now Since then, harms from science denial have only increased: global suffering has grown owing to inaction on climate change, and some epidemics have risen along with vaccine skepticism.
I've been out there talking to the science deniers, and I've asked my scientist friends to come with me. “Those people just aren't worth talking to.” they'll say. “I wouldn't make a difference anyway.” What's wrong. Those people can and do change their minds, although it requires someone to put in the time to overcome distrust.
To be sure, many experts have launched themselves against misinformation, enduring abuse on social media and even threats to their safety. But when scientists turn down my invitations, it's not because of fear. Most often, their excuses are grounded in the “backfire effect”, a questionable 2010 finding that people sometimes embrace misconceptions more strongly when fared with corrective information, implying that pushing back against falsehoods is counter-productive. Even the researchers whose results were exaggerated to popularize this idea do not embrace it anymore, and argue that the true challenge is learning how best to target corrective information.
In fact, evidence is growing that rebuttals can he effective. Science deniers all draw on the same flawed reasoning techniques: cherry-picking evidence, relying on fake experts, and engaging in illogical reasoning. A landmark 2019 study showed that critiquing the flawed techniques can contain the spread of misinformation.
So how does “technique rebuttal” work in practice
Arnaud Gagneur and his colleagues at the University of Sherbrooke conducted more than 1.000 20-minute interviews in which they listened to new parents' concerns about vaccinations and answered their questions. Those parents' children were 9% more likely to receive all the vaccines on the schedule than were those of uninterviewed parents whose babies were delivered in the same maternity ward. One mother told him: “It's the first time that I've had a discussion like this, and I feel respected, and I trust you.” It is self-evident in science communication that you cannot convince a science denier with facts alone; most science deniers don't have a lack of information, but a lack of trust.
So what should scientists do Even non-experts ran use technique rebuttal. A geologist can engage a neighbor who is vaccine hesitant. A protein biologist ran coach an aunt or uncle who wants “more evidence” that climate change is real. Instead of shilling to more comfortable conversations, engage in respectful exchange. If you spend more time asking questions than offering explanations, people will be more likely to pay attention to the explanations that you do offer.
8. What can we learn from the passage
A.The Gathering for Science addressed online abuse.
B.The silence of scientists worsens harm from science denial.
C.Ineffective vaccines speed up the spread of some epidemics.
D.The author's friends find it valuable to talk with science deniers.
9. According to the passage, the “backfire effect” .
A.suggests caution before correcting others
B.emphasizes the effectiveness of rebuttals
C.results from flawed reasoning techniques
D.enjoys wide support in the academic field
10. The last two paragraphs suggest that .
A.the interviewed parents agreed to vaccination due to the sufficiency of the information
B.geologists and protein biologists need to make sure the conversations are comfortable
C.scientists are encouraged to listen carefully and ask questions during interaction
D.scientists should teach non-experts how to conduct respectful exchanges
11. In writing this passage, the author aims to .
A.express concerns for misinformation
B.analyze the mot cause of science denial
C.advocate employing technique rebuttal
D.present the problems scientists encounter
It's about time somebody destroyed that old myth(神话)about childhood being the happiest period of your life. Childhood may certainly be fairly happy, but its greatest moments can't compare with the joy of being an adult. 12 Adults choose the clothes their children will wear, the books they will read and the friends they will play with. This is an adult world.
13 14 But which adult would honestly change places with a child Every movement you make, every thought you think is watched by some adult, Remember how gentle pressure was given to you with words like “if you don't do as I say, I will...”. I'm sure you will never forget!
Even so, these are only part of child's trouble. No matter how kind and loving parents may be, children often suffer from terrible and illogical fears since they can't understand the world around them. 13 15 Adults can share their fears with other adults while children have to face their fears alone.
But the most painful part of childhood is a period when you begin to go out of it, the period when you go into adolescence. 13 16 Adolescents pay much attention to their appearance and the impression they make on others. They feel shy, awkward and clumsy. Feelings are sensitive and hearts easily broken. Teenagers experience moments of great happiness or black despair.
What a happy time it is to grow up. Suddenly you get your balance; the world opens up before you. You are free to choose; you have your own place to live in and your own money to spend. You do not have to ask approval for everything you do. 17
A.You are one yourself!
B.Who ever asked a six-year-old for opinion
C.Sometimes, adults could be very cruel to children.
D.They often have such fear in the dark or in the dreams.
E.As the old saying goes: Spare the rod and spoil the child.
F.There is a complete lack of self-confidence during this time.
G.You must have heard these words about how happy it is to be a child.
Amy Jandrisevits knows the value of a good doll (玩具娃娃). “Dolls have a 21 we don’t completely understand,” she said. It’s a(n) 22 she got while working as a social worker using dolls to help young kids 23 their changing medical situations.
Seven years ago, a 24 said that her child was involved in a car accident, leaving a scar (伤疤) on his face. Jandrisevits knew what might help the youth through this 25 period. “It’s 26 to tell a kid, ‘You are perfect the way you are,’ and to build 27 that way,” she says.
Jandrisevits went about 28 that. She made a doll by hand that looked like her friend’s child and sent it off. After the friend 29 a photo online of the happy child and doll, another woman asked Jandrisevits to make a doll for her baby, who was missing a leg.
Word 30 and soon Jandrisevits was making dolls for children with birthmarks or facial deformities (畸形), from photos sent by parents. She 31 her previous job and started a nonprofit, A Doll Like Me. She hasn’t 32 for a doll since she began her nonprofit.
In all, she’s made more than 400 dolls. The waiting list is long but Jandrisevits is 33 . As she explains, “Every kid, 34 gender, age, medical issue or body type, should look into the 35 face of a doll and see their own.”
21. A.power B.theme C.system D.fashion
22. A.lesson B.inspiration C.reward D.experience
23. A.turn to B.adapt to C.realize D.ignore
24. A.worker B.patient C.volunteer D.friend
25. A.unforgettable B.challenging C.complex D.impressive
26. A.natural B.generous C.helpful D.hard
27. A.confidence B.connection C.trust D.communication
28. A.following B.blessing C.explaining D.changing
29. A.took B.sent C.saw D.posted
30. A.came B.failed C.spread D.read
31. A.loved B.quit C.began D.lost
32. A.charged B.gone C.asked D.paid
33. A.tired B.curious C.determined D.famous
34. A.regardless of B.instead of C.apart from D.according to
35. A.restored B.beautified C.sweet D.funny
A long-time great in the world of tennis, Swiss star Roger Federer recently announced that the Laver Cup in London would be his last ATP tennis event before 36 (step) away from Grand Slam tournaments(大满贯赛事)entirely.
After facing several sports injuries and surgeries(手术)in the past few years,such as two knee surgeries in 2020 and another in 2021, 41-year-old Federer has felt the time is right 37 (draw) his career to a close,knowing his body’s limits. As Federer 38 (say),“I know my body’s limits,and its message to me 39 (late) has been clear. ”
Of all his achievements, Federer is best-known as a 20-time grand slam 40 (win).
In spite of the hot competition at the top, Federer was 41 continues to be loved by friends, 42 (fan) and rivals(对手)alike.
Upon hearing news of Federer’s retirement(退役)his rival Nadal said on Twitter,“It’s been a pleasure but also 43 honour to share all these years with you, living so many 44 (amaze) moments on and off the court.”
After such a perfect sports journey, Federer’s influence 45 tennis will continue to be felt in the years and decades lo come.
46. 莫言是首位中国诺贝尔文学奖获得者,迄今写了几十本小说,能引起读者的共鸣。(which, identify) (汉译英)
47. 中外游客不仅领略了这里的山水美景,也对当地的文化和悠久历史有了大致的了解。(Not only) (汉译英)
48. 青少年们垃圾食品吃得越多,越可能冒长胖的风险,所以他们最好就日常饮食做出明智的选择。(likely)(汉译英)
49. 如果你能请高年级的学生来给我们指导一下如何保持取得进步的信心,以及如何在意外事件中做出恰当的反应,我将不胜感激。(appreciate, react) (汉译英)
50. 为了传承和弘扬中国传统文化和让师生领略非物质文化遗产(intangible cultural heritage)的魅力,你市文化馆在你校开展了“非遗进校园”活动。请你用英文写一篇报道,内容包括:
An event of the intangible cultural heritage
1. C;2. B;3. D
4. A 5. D 6. B 7. B
8. B 9. A 10. C 11. C
12. B;18. G;19. D;20. F;17. A
21. A 22. B 23. B 24. D 25. B 26. D 27. A 28. D 29. D 30. C 31. B 32. A
33. C 34. A 35. C
36. stepping 37. to draw 38. said 39. lately 40. winner 41. and 42. fans 43. an
44. amazing 45. on
46. Mo Yan who is identified as the first Chinese winner of the Nobel Prize for Literature, has written dozens of novels so far, which can arouse the resonance of readers.
47. Not only have the visitors from home and abroad appreciated the beautiful landscape / scenery here, but they have had a general understanding of the local culture and long history.
48. The more junk food teenagers eat/have, the more likely they are/will be to take/run the risk of becoming overweight/obese, so they had better make wise choices about their daily diets.
49. I would appreciate it if you could invite senior students to guide us on how to maintain the confidence to make progress and how to react appropriately in accidents.
50. One possible version:
An event of the intangible cultural heritage
Today, our school held an event named “Intangible cultural heritage into school”, which was to promote traditional Chinese culture and inspire the teachers and students interest.
There were many activities in the event, such as paper cutting, lion dance and sugar painting. The teachers and students, who were excited and full of curiosity, interacted actively through watching, listening and touching during these activities.
In general, the successful event was quite popular with the teachers and students. They did feel the charm of the intangible cultural heritage of China, which raised their recognition and strengthened their confidence.
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